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Food Science and Biotechnology

, Volume 26, Issue 1, pp 279–285 | Cite as

Dietary hydroxycinnamates prevent oxidative damages to liver, spleen, and bone marrow cells in irradiation-exposed mice

  • Sung-Ho Kook
  • Sa-Ra Cheon
  • Jae-Hwan Kim
  • Ki-Choon Choi
  • Min-Kook Kim
  • Jeong-Chae Lee
Article
  • 38 Downloads

Abstract

Dietary hydroxycinnamates are considered as attractive materials for radioprotection. This study explores whether hydroxycinnamates protect against γ-radiation-induced cellular damages and hematopoietic stem cell senescence. C57BL/6 mice were orally administered with each of caffeic acid, p-coumaric acid, and ferulic acid (20mg/kg body weight) once per three days for five times before exposure to total body radiation (5 Gy). Irradiation increased the activities of alanine amino transaminase and aspartate aminotransferase in blood serum but decreased the anti-oxidant defense enzyme activities in the liver and spleen tissues. Oral administration of the compounds almost completely prevented irradiation-mediated changes in these enzyme activities. The hydroxycinnamates also inhibited the irradiation-mediated increases in the mitochondrial superoxide anions of LinSca-1+c-Kit+ (LSK) cells and CD150+CD48 LSK cells in the bone marrow. These results suggest that dietary hydroxycinnamates protect against irradiation-mediated oxidative damages of tissues and bone marrow progenitor cells.

Keywords

total body irradiation reactive oxygen species bone marrow radioprotection phenolic compounds 

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Copyright information

© The Korean Society of Food Science and Technology and Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sung-Ho Kook
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sa-Ra Cheon
    • 2
  • Jae-Hwan Kim
    • 3
  • Ki-Choon Choi
    • 4
  • Min-Kook Kim
    • 1
  • Jeong-Chae Lee
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Cluster for Craniofacial Development & Regeneration Research, Institute of Oral Biosciences and School of DentistryChonbuk National UniversityJeonju, JeonbukKorea
  2. 2.Department of Bioactive Material Sciences and Research Center of Bioactives MaterialsChonbuk National UniversityJeonju, JeonbukKorea
  3. 3.Chonnam National University Dental HospitalKwangjuKorea
  4. 4.Grassland and Forages Research CenterNational Institute of Animal ScienceCheonan, ChungnamKorea

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