ANCA-associated vasculitis in a patient with enteropathic spondylarthritis: a case report and literature review

Abstract

Coexistence of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is rare (Sy et al. in Semin Arthritis Rheum 45:475–482, 2016). Nevertheless, we present a case of an AAV in a 53-year-old female with enteropathic spondylarthritis previously treated with tumor necrosis factor α inhibitors (TNFi). Management of vasculitis in a patient with IBD may be problematic due to the difficulty in distinguishing if the vasculitis is an extraintestinal manifestation of the IBD or a new coexistent entity. Moreover, in our report, the previous treatment with TNFi is a possible confounding factor due to the paradoxical effects induced by TNFi, including vasculitis (Ramos-Casals et al. in Curr Rheumatol Rep 10:442–448, 2008). The reported case alerts to the complexity in the management of patients with enteropathic spondylarthritis and vasculitis, as well as discusses the diversity of differential diagnosis in this particular clinical scenario.

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Correspondence to Francisca Guimarães.

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Guimarães, F., Santos-Faria, D., Azevedo, S. et al. ANCA-associated vasculitis in a patient with enteropathic spondylarthritis: a case report and literature review. Clin Rheumatol (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10067-021-05612-y

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Keywords

  • ANCA vasculitis
  • Enteropathic spondylarthritis
  • Granulomatosis with polyangiitis
  • Inflammatory bowel disease