Zein film as a novel natural biopolymer membrane in electrochemical detections

Abstract

Permselective modifier films are very important in preparing highly sensitive electrochemical sensors. In this work, for the first time, the behavior of gold and glassy carbon electrodes coated with biocompatible zein film as a permselective membrane for the electrochemical detection of various compounds has been investigated. For this purpose, several electroactive cationic (methylene blue, brilliant green, and thionine) and anionic (potassium ferricyanide, alizarin red S, and riboflavin-5’-phosphate) compounds have been used as model. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) showed that zein membranes prepared from casting solution containing 1% zein in ethanol/water have porous structures with high nanometric roughness. The capacitance values of electrical double layers of electrodes modified with zein film were very high for hydrophilic ions in comparison with hydrophobic ions. Point of zero charge pH (pHpzc) of zein membrane was 4.8. The results of cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) as well as pHpzc study indicated that zein permselective membrane acts as ion exchanger film for selected cationic compounds with fast electrochemical kinetics responses in aqueous solution (pH=7). This behavior was confirmed by circulating solutions containing model compounds from homemade continuous cell equipped with polyamide membranes modified with zein film.

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Correspondence to Khalil Farhadi.

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Hasanzadeh, M., Farhadi, K. & Tajik, H. Zein film as a novel natural biopolymer membrane in electrochemical detections. J Solid State Electrochem (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10008-021-04910-4

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Keywords

  • Zein
  • Biopolymer membrane
  • Solid electrodes
  • Permselective modifier films
  • Anion blocker
  • Cation permeability