Interaction investigation of single and multiple carbon monoxide molecules with Fe-, Ru-, and Os-doped single-walled carbon nanotubes by DFT study: applications to gas adsorption and detection nanomaterials

Abstract

Due to the large surface area and unique electronic property, single-wall carbon nanotube (SWCNT) is being used for adsorption and detection nanomaterials, which can be used to reduce the CO pollution effect on the environment. In the present work, the adsorptions of single and multiple CO molecules on pristine and transition metal (TM = Fe-, Ru-, and Os)-doped SWCNT were investigated in terms of geometric, energetic, and electronic properties using density functional theory calculation. Calculated results display that the adsorption of CO molecule on the SWCNTs is energetically favorable. The TM-doped SWCNT are more highly interactive to CO adsorption than that of pristine SWCNT. An Os-doped SWCNT displays the strongest interaction with single and multiple CO molecules comparing with the Fe- and Ru-doped SWCNT. The TM doping on SWCNT can induce the charge transfer between CO molecule and the SWCNT. The energy gap and density of state are clearly changed when CO molecule interacts with TM-doped SWCNT, resulting in dramatic changes of their electronic properties. Therefore, TM-doped SWCNT are possibly used as potential CO storages/absorbents or sensor material for CO detection in the environment.

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Acknowledgments

The authors gratefully acknowledge the Computational Chemistry Center for Nanotechnology (CCCN), Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, and Research and Development Institute, Rajabhat Maha Sarakham University, for the facilities provided.

Funding

Our gratitude extends to Supramolecular Chemistry Research Unit (SCRU) and the Postgraduate Education and Research in Chemistry (PERCH–CIC) program in the Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Mahasarakham University, for partial financial support.

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Tabtimsai, C., Rakrai, W., Phalinyot, S. et al. Interaction investigation of single and multiple carbon monoxide molecules with Fe-, Ru-, and Os-doped single-walled carbon nanotubes by DFT study: applications to gas adsorption and detection nanomaterials. J Mol Model 26, 186 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00894-020-04457-7

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Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Carbon monoxide
  • Carbon nanotube
  • Density functional theory
  • Transition metal doping