Ab initio study of polar and non-polar aprotic solvents effects on some 3-hydroxychromones and 3-hydroxyquinolones derivatives
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The photophysical properties of some 3-hydroxychromones (3-HC) and 3-hydroxyquinolones (3-HQ) derivatives are investigated in polar and non-polar aprotic solvents using the TDDFT method and the PCM formalism. In acetonitrile and n-hexane, 2–(2-benzothienyl)-3-HC) (BTHC), 2-furyl-3-HQ (FHQ), and 1-methyl-2-furyl-3-HQ (MFHQ) have exhibited dual emission bands due to the excited state intramolecular proton transfer (ESIPT) reaction, leading to a single excited tautomer form. Our results indicate a very high BTHC light absorption efficiency and radiative rate constant. A charge transfer (CT) analysis suggests that the chromone moiety acts as an acceptor group while quinolone moiety acts as an electron donor. In addition, in non-polar n-hexane the furyl group may act as an acceptor, while in polar acetonitrile it may act as an electron donor. The energies of the upper and lower states of the normal form fluorescence have been decreased by the introduction of ortho-methyl group in FHQ. In all states, MFHQ exhibits large distortions of the dihedral angle between the chromone moiety and the furan group in para position. The ESIPT reaction is irreversible for the three derivatives in all cases studied in this work. Since experimental data with n-hexane are not available, results concerning this solvent are only predictions.
KeywordsPolar Non-polar Aprotic Solvent 3-hydroxychromone 3-hydroxyquinolone
This work was supported by LABORATOIRE D’OPTIQUE ET APPLICATIONS of CEPAMOQ. All our thanks to Université de Strasbourg for access to its facilities.
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