Effect of grain boundary complexions on the deformation behavior of Ni bicrystal during bending creep

  • K. Vijay Reddy
  • Snehanshu Pal
Original Paper


The dependence of creep deformation behavior of nickel bicrystal specimens on grain boundary (GB) complexion was investigated by performing a simulated bending creep test using molecular dynamics methods. Strain burst phenomena were observed during the low temperature [500 K, i.e., <0.3 * melting point of nickel (Tm)] bending creep process. Atomic strain and dislocation analyses showed that the time of occurrence of strain burst depends on how easily GB migration happens in bicrystal specimens. Specimens with kite monolayer segregation GB complexion were found to be stable at low temperature (500 K), whereas specimens with split-kite GB complexion were stable at a comparatively higher temperature (900 K). In case of further elevated creep temperatures, e.g., 1100 K and 1300 K, split-kite GB complexion becomes unstable and leads to early failure of the specimen at those temperatures. Additionally, it was observed that split-kite bilayer segregation and normal kite GB complexions exhibit localized increases in elastic modulus during bending creep process, occurring at temperatures of 1100 K and 1300 K, respectively, due to the formation of interpenetrating icosahedral clusters.

Graphical abstract

Representative creep curves during bending creep deformation of various grain boundary complexions at 900 K


Grain boundary complexion Creep Molecular dynamics Ni-Zr alloy 



The authors would like to acknowledge the computer center of National Institute of Technology Rourkela for giving access to high-performance computing facility (HPCF) required for performing this molecular dynamics study.

Supplementary material

894_2018_3616_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.1 mb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 1163 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Metallurgical and Materials EngineeringNational Institute of Technology RourkelaRourkelaIndia

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