Dental caries is the most common chronic disease in humans, caused by the acid produced by the microflora in the mouth that dissolves the enamel minerals. Bioactive glass (BAG) has been used in various clinical applications due to its unique bioactive properties, such as bone graft substitutes and dental restorative composites. In this study, we introduce a novel bioactive glass–ceramic (NBGC) prepared through a sol–gel process under a water-free condition.
Materials and methods
The anti-demineralization and remineralization effects of NBGC were evaluated by comparing the measurements of bovine enamel surface morphology, surface roughness, surface micro-hardness, enamel elements, and mineral content before and after related treatments with a commercial BAG. The antibacterial effect was characterized by minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimal bactericidal concentration (MBC).
Results showed that NBGC had greater acid resistance and remineralization potential compared to commercial BAG. The fast formation of a hydroxy carbonate apatite (HCA) layer suggests efficient bioactivity.
In addition to its antibacterial properties, NBGC shows promise as an ingredient in oral care products that can prevent demineralization and restore enamel.
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The datasets used or analyzed during the current study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request.
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We thank Mr. Xiongying Wang for his training on profilometer and EDS.
This project was supported in part by the 2019 Chongqing Graduate Mentor Team Funding (Grant No. dstd201903).
The authors declare no competing interests.
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Qiu, L., Lu, Y., Dong, H. et al. Enhanced effect of a novel bioactive glass–ceramic for dental application. Clin Oral Invest (2023). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00784-023-04946-y