Imaging features and clinical manifestations of neuromyelitis optica

Abstract

With the rapid development of modern medical technology and imaging technology, neuromyelitis optica has attracted more and more attention of medical workers. However, this central nervous disease, which affects the optic nerve and spinal cord, still afflicts many people. And the recurrence rate of this disease is very high, so that many patients become disabled, it is difficult to fundamentally cure. In this paper, according to the imaging characteristics and clinical manifestations of neuromyelitis optica, we collected experimental samples and related data of neuromyelitis optica patients in the Department of Neurology of our hospital. We selected 60 patients who were diagnosed as the research object of this paper, analyzed the relevant situation of brain lesions of neuromyelitis optica, and discussed their age, gender, first symptom, and shadow imaging features and clinical manifestations. This article hopes to analyze the imaging features and clinical manifestations of neuromyelitis optica brain lesions, use clinical features with differentiating evidence to guide clinical diagnosis, and effectively reduce the probability of clinical misdiagnosis. In addition, 20 patients were randomly followed up to understand their remaining symptoms and recurrence. The results of autoantibodies associated with other autoimmune diseases are more likely to be associated with other autoimmune diseases. Brain, skin, subcutaneous, and brain injuries can be areas with multiple sclerosis characteristics different from myositis. Patients with neuromyelitis optica do not have the special phenomenon of lesions perpendicular to the lateral ventricle. The medulla oblongata, pontine, and paraventricular involvement were the most common imaging features, and were also found in the fourth ventricle, around the aqueduct, basal ganglia, and corpus callosum.

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Correspondence to Jundong Li.

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Li, J., Guo, J. & Zhao, X. Imaging features and clinical manifestations of neuromyelitis optica. Pers Ubiquit Comput (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00779-021-01534-3

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Keywords

  • Neuromyelitis optica
  • Brain lesions
  • Imaging features
  • Clinical manifestations
  • Detection of anti AQP4 antibody