Experimental study on the hydrodynamic characteristics of cylinder with rough surface


The main purpose of this study is to establish a better understanding of the relationship between the hydrodynamic characteristic and cylinder with rough surface. Experiments were conducted to measure the force and the hydrodynamic efficient of a circular cylinder with different types of artificial rugged surface. The relative roughness coefficient ranged from k/D = 0.00005–0.02 (k is the roughness height, D is the outer diameter of cylinder) is used to evaluate the rough surface of experiment model. Wave and current experiments are conducted in the wave tank. Results show that relative roughness indeed plays an important role in affecting the hydrodynamic characteristic on the cylinder. For the drag coefficient (Cd) in current experiment, Cd enlarges a lot under the effect of rough surface compared with smooth cylinder and has a regular change with relative roughness. For the inertia coefficient (CM) in wave experiment, CM is greatly affected by the rough cylinders for small KC numbers. For the Cd in wave experiment, it is greatly affected by large rough cylinders.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10


  1. 1.

    Zhang JG, Liu FF, Liu KL (2018) The seismic analysis of novel aluminum offshore platform. Struct Eng 34(S1):37–41

    MathSciNet  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Li Y, Yu XM, Wang (2018) Finite element analysis for static and dynamics characteristics of offshore wind turbine structures during overall service life. Water Power 44(1):98–101

    Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Morison JR, Obrien MP (1950) Johnson JW (1950) The force exerted by surface waves on piles. J Petrol Technol 2(5):149–154

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Yao XJ, Gui FK, Meng A (2016) Experimental study on hydro-coefficients of horizontal cylinder structure in waves. Ocean Eng 34(1):80–87

    Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Wang F (2015) Study on hydrodynamic characteristics of small scale vertical cylinders under internal solitary waves. PhD thesis, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, China, pp 45–48

  6. 6.

    Li SW, Zhang LL, Xia LJ (2015) Experimental study on wave forces exerting on jacket structure’element. Port Waterw Eng 6:7–16

    Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Sarpkaya T (1976) In-line and transverse forces on cylinders in oscillatory flow at high Reynolds numbers. In: Offshore Technology Conference, Vol. 3(6), pp 95–108

  8. 8.

    Adachi T, Ono H, Matsuuchl K (1989) Flow around a circular cylinder in the high Reynolds number range (effect of surface roughness). Trans Jpn Soc Mech Eng 55(511):685–692

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Schewe G (1983) On the force fluctuations acting on a circular cylinder in crossflow from subcritical up to transcritical Reynolds numbers. J Fluid Mech 133:265–285

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Achenbach E (1971) Influence of surface roughness on the cross-flow around a circular cylinder. J Fluid Mech 46(2):321–335

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Wlofram J, Naghipour M (1999) On the estimation of Morison force coefficients and their predictive accuracy for very rough circular cylinders. Appl Ocean Res 21:311–328

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Huang S, Clelland D, Day S (2007) Drag reduction of deepwater risers by the use of helical grooves. In: Proceedings of the 26th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, pp 1–5

  13. 13.

    Fuss FK (2011) The effect of surface skewness on the super/postcritical coefficient of drag of roughened cylinders. Eng Procedia 13:284–289

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    Kiu KY, Stappenbelt B, Thiagarajan KP (2011) Effects of uniform surface roughness on vortex-induced vibration of towed vertical cylinders. J Sound Vib 330:4753–4763

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    Zhou B, Wang XK, Gho WM (2015) Force and flow characteristics of a circular cylinder with uniform surface roughness at subcritical Reynolds numbers. Appl Ocean Res 49(6):20–26

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    SNAME (2007) Commentaries to recommended practice for site specific assessment of mobile jack-up units. The Society of Naval Architecal & Marine Engineers, pp 27–36

  17. 17.

    CCS (2016) Rules for construction and classification of mobile offshore drilling units. China Classification Society, pp 25–32

Download references


The research was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 51609223, 51606178), Key R&D Program Project of Shandong Province (Grant No. 2019GHY112038), Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province of China (Grant No. ZR2019BEE072), and National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars (Grant No. 51625902).

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Guijie Liu.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Tian, X., Li, D., Liu, G. et al. Experimental study on the hydrodynamic characteristics of cylinder with rough surface. J Mar Sci Technol 25, 842–848 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00773-019-00684-7

Download citation


  • Hydrodynamic characteristic
  • Relative roughness
  • Rough cylinder
  • Drag coefficient
  • Inertia coefficient