Archives of Women's Mental Health

, Volume 20, Issue 2, pp 291–295 | Cite as

Prevalence and predictors of positive screening for postpartum depression in minority parturients in the South Bronx

Original Article

Abstract

It is reported that the rates of perinatal depressive disorders are high in ethnic minority groups from non-English speaking countries. However, very few studies have compared the prevalence of positive screening for postpartum depression (PPD) in minority communities living in an inner city. The goal of this study is to determine the prevalence and the predictors of positive screening for postpartum depression in minority parturients in the South Bronx. The study is a chart review of 314 minority parturients, Black or Hispanic, screened for postpartum depression using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) tool. The overall prevalence of a positive EPDS screen among Black and Hispanic women was similar, 24.04 and 18.75%, respectively. The Black immigrant cohort had comparable positive screens with 23.81 as African Americans. Hispanic women born in the USA had the least prevalence of positive screens, 7.14%, and those who moved from the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico had a prevalence of 17.24% of positive screens. The women who immigrated from Mexico, Central America, or South America had the highest prevalence of positive screens for PPD, 32.26%. As to the socioeconomic status (SES), there was a significant increase of 27.04 vs. 13.95% (P < 0.019) in positive screens for PPD for the unemployed mothers. Overall, Black and Hispanic parturients had similar rates of positive screens for PPD. Among the Hispanic women, immigrants had higher rates of positive screens, with those from Mexico, Central, and South America as the highest. The hospital experience did not affect the rates of positive screens. Neither did the SES with one exception; those unemployed had the higher rates of positive screens.

Keywords

Black parturients Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) EPDS Hispanic parturients Hospital experience Socioeconomic status Unemployment 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank Ms. Judith Wilkinson, the Medical Librarian at Lincoln Medical, and the Mental Health Center Science Library for providing the reference articles

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Samfee Doe
    • 1
  • Stephen LoBue
    • 1
  • Abraham Hamaoui
    • 2
    • 3
  • Shadi Rezai
    • 2
  • Cassandra E. Henderson
    • 2
    • 3
  • Ray Mercado
    • 2
  1. 1.School of MedicineSt. George’s UniversityTrue BlueGrenada
  2. 2.From the Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyLincoln Medical and Mental Health CenterBronxUSA
  3. 3.Lincoln Medical and Mental Health CenterBronxUSA

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