The protein–protein interaction network and clinical significance of heat-shock proteins in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma
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Heat-shock proteins (HSPs), one of the evolutionarily conserved protein families, are widely found in various organisms, and play important physiological functions. Nevertheless, HSPs have not been systematically analyzed in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). In this study, we applied the protein–protein interaction (PPI) network methodology to explore the characteristics of HSPs, and integrate their expression in ESCC. First, differentially expressed HSPs in ESCC were identified from our previous RNA-seq data. By constructing a specific PPI network, we found differentially expressed HSPs interacted with hundreds of neighboring proteins. Subcellular localization analyses demonstrated that HSPs and their interacting proteins distributed in multiple layers, from membrane to nucleus. Functional enrichment annotation analyses revealed known and potential functions for HSPs. KEGG pathway analyses identified four significant enrichment pathways. Moreover, three HSPs (DNAJC5B, HSPA1B, and HSPH1) could serve as promising targets for prognostic prediction in ESCC, suggesting these HSPs might play a significant role in the development of ESCC. These multiple bioinformatics analyses have provided a comprehensive view of the roles of heat-shock proteins in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.
KeywordsHeat-shock protein Protein–protein interaction network Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma
This work was supported by Grants from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (nos. 81672473, 81502138), the Science and Technology Program of Guangdong (nos. 2014A030310390, 2017A030313181), the Department of Education, Guangdong Government under the Top-tier University Development Scheme for Research and Control of Infectious Diseases (2016034).
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors have no conflicts of interest.
This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.
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