Use of homoarginine for measuring true ileal digestibility of amino acids in food protein
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A useful application of homoarginine in animal nutrition is the determination of the true ileal digestibility (TID) of amino acids (AA) in swine complete diets and feed ingredients. The homoarginine method involves the conversion of dietary lysine to homoarginine in a guanidination reaction with methylisourea. Accurate determination of TID of AA, especially in heat-treated feed ingredients, is a key prerequisite for accurate diet formulation with respect to the provision of dietary AA. Thus, the aim of this review is to highlight the homoarginine methodology and its application in animal nutrition. Based on the data from published studies, the homoarginine method can be used to accurately determine the digestibility of lysine and the majority of other acid-stable AA in complete diets and feed ingredients fed to animals.
KeywordsHomoarginine Guanidination Amino acids True ileal digestibility
Apparent ileal AA digestibility
True ileal digestibilities
This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 31330075; 31110103909, 31272217, 31272450, 31101729, 31201813 and 31272451), National Science and Technology Support Program (2012BAD39B03), Scientific Research Program of Hubei Provincial Department of Education (D20141701), the Hubei Hundred Talent program, The Chinese Academy of Science STS Project (KFJ-EW-STS-063), and a Hatch project from Texas A&M AgriLife Research (H-8200).
Conflict of interest
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.
No human or animal experiments were required by any of the authors in order to write this review article.
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