Amino Acids

, Volume 43, Issue 1, pp 255–266 | Cite as

Site-directed mutagenesis and feedback-resistant N-acetyl-L-glutamate kinase (NAGK) increase Corynebacterium crenatum L-arginine production

  • Meijuan Xu
  • Zhiming RaoEmail author
  • Wenfang Dou
  • Juan Yang
  • Jian Jin
  • Zhenghong XuEmail author
Original Article


N-Acetyl-l-glutamate kinase (EC is first committed in the specific l-arginine pathway of Corynebacterium sp. A limited increase of l-arginine production for the argB overexpression in the engineering C. creantum SYPA-CCB strain indicated that l-arginine feedback inhibition plays an influence on the l-arginine production. In this study, we have performed site-directed mutagenesis of the key enzyme (NAGK) and the three mutations (E19R, H26E and H268D) exhibited the increase of I 0.5 R efficiently. Thereby, the multi-mutated NAGKM3 (including E19R/H26E/H268D) was generated and its I 0.5 R of l-arginine of the mutant was increased remarkably, whereas the NAGK enzyme activities did not declined. To get a feedback-resistant and robust l-arginine producer, the engineered strains SYPA-CCBM3 were constructed. Introducing the argBM3 gene enabled the NAGK enzyme activity insensitive to the intracellular arginine concentrations resulted in an enhanced arginine biosynthesis flux and decreased formation of by-products. The l-arginine synthesis was largely enhanced due to the overexpression of the argBM3, which is resistant to feedback resistant by l-arginine. Thus l-arginine production could reach 45.6 g/l, about 41.7% higher compared with the initial strain. This is an example of up-modulation of the flux through the l-arginine metabolic pathway by deregulating the key enzyme of the pathway.


N-Acetyl-l-glutamate kinase (NAGK) Feedback inhibition Site-directed mutagenesis Corynebacterium crenatum l-Arginine production 



N-Acetyl-l-glutamate kinase


N-Acetyl-l-glutamate kinase of Corynebacterium crenatum






Inhibition constant (the l-arginine concentration yields 50% inhibition)


Ethylmethane sulfonate


Dry cell weight


Sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis



This work was supported by the High-tech Research and Development Programs of China (2007AA02Z207), the National Basic Research Program of China (2007CB707804), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (30970056), the Program for New Century Excellent Talents in University (NCET-07-0380, NCET-10-0459), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (JUSRP31001), the Program of Introducing Talents of Discipline to Universities (111-2-06) and a Project Funded by the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Key Laboratory of Industrial Biotechnology of Ministry of Education, School of BiotechnologyJiangnan UniversityWuxiPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Engineering, School of Medicine and PharmaceuticsJiangnan UniversityWuxiPeople’s Republic of China

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