Amino Acids

, Volume 40, Issue 4, pp 1205–1211 | Cite as

Altered d-methionine kinetics in rats with renal impairment

  • Hiroshi HasegawaEmail author
  • Yoshihiko Shinohara
  • Kenji Akahane
  • Takao Hashimoto
  • Kimiyoshi Ichida
Original Article


d-Amino acids are now recognized to be widely present in mammals. In rats, exogenously administered d-methionine is almost converted into the l-enantiomer via 2-oxo-4-methylthiobutylic acid as an intermediate. d-Amino acid oxidase is associated with conversion of d-methionine into the 2-oxo acid. Since d-amino acid oxidase is present at the highest activity in the kidney compared to other organ, kidney injury is suggested to cause accumulation of d-methionine. The purpose of the present study is to assess the role of kidney in the elimination of d-methionine and metabolic conversion into l-methionine in rats using a stable isotope methodology. After a bolus i.v. administration of d-[2H3]methionine to 5/6-nephrectomized rats, plasma concentrations of d-[2H3]methionine, l-[2H3]methionine, and endogenous l-methionine were determined by a stereoselective GC–MS method. Renal mass reduction slowed down the elimination of d-[2H3]methionine. The clearance values of conversion of d-[2H3]methionine into the l-enantiomer in 5/6-nephrectomized rats were one-sixth of those in sham-operated rats. The elimination behavior of d-[2H3]methionine observed in rats demonstrated that kidney was the principal organ responsible for chiral inversion of d-methionine.


d-Methionine Chiral inversion GC–MS Stable isotope Renal impairment 



AUC of l-amino acid formed from d-amino acid




The metabolic clearance associated with conversion of d-amino acid into the l-enantiomer


Fraction of conversion of d-amino acid into the l-enantiomer




Methyl ester




Selected ion monitoring



This work was supported in part by grants from the Japan Private School Promotion Foundation and the Science Research Promotion Fund, The Promotion and Mutual Aid Corporation for Private Schools of Japan.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hiroshi Hasegawa
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yoshihiko Shinohara
    • 1
  • Kenji Akahane
    • 1
  • Takao Hashimoto
    • 1
  • Kimiyoshi Ichida
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pathophysiology, School of PharmacyTokyo University of Pharmacy and Life SciencesTokyoJapan

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