Kinetics of amino acid production from bean dregs by hydrolysis in sub-critical water
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Amino acids play an important physiological role in all life-forms and can be recovered from bean dregs waste using sub-critical water hydrolysis. This work deals with the hydrolysis kinetics of bean dregs. Kinetics was conducted in a temperature range of 200–240°C using a 300-ml stainless steel batch reactor. Since the reaction kinetics in sub-critical water is very complicated, a simplified kinetic model to describe the hydrolysis of bean dregs is proposed: a single consecutive reaction. The differential equations resulting from the model were fit to experimental data to obtain kinetic rate constants. By means of the Arrhenius plot, the activation energy as well as the pre-exponential factor was determined. A good agreement between the simplified model and the experimental data was obtained. The kinetic parameters provided useful information for understanding the hydrolysis reaction of bean dregs. The experimental results show that the best hydrolysis technology is: reaction temperature 200°C, reaction time 20 min. Under this condition, the total amino acid yield reaches 52.9%. Based on the results, this method could become an efficient method for bean dregs liquefaction, producing valuable amino acid.
KeywordsKinetics Hydrolysis Bean dregs Sub-critical water Amino acids
The authors thank the National Natural Science Fund of China (50578091) and Shanghai Leading Academic Disciplines (S30109) for financial support.
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