The HPLC resolution of N-2,4-dinitrophenylated amino acids and peptides stereoisomers on naphthylethylcarbamate-β-cyclodextrin bonded phase using the acetonitrile-based mobile phase: evidence for the chiral recognition pattern
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A facile method of enantioresolving a variety of α-amino acids and peptides on naphthylethylcarbamate-β-cyclodextrin bonded phases (i.e., SN- and RN-β-CDs) under the elution of acetonitrile-based mobile phase makes use of 2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene (DNFB) as the tagging reagent, which undergoes nucleophilic substitution by the free amino group in alkaline medium to give a N-2,4-dinitrophenyl (DNP) derivative. The resolution is better obtained on RN-β-CD phase and fails to reproduce on the intact β-cyclodextrin bonded phase under the same chromatographic conditions, which strongly suggests that the observed resolution should be due to the interaction of analyte with naphthylethylcarbamate moiety, not with the residual secondary hydroxyl groups on the β-cyclodextrin.
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