Electric Dipole Active Magnetic Resonance and Nonreciprocal Directional Dichroism in Magnetoelectric Multiferroic Materials in Terahertz and Millimeter Wave Regions

Abstract

We review electric dipole active magnetic resonance and nonreciprocal directional dichroism in magnetoelectric multiferroic materials in terahertz and millimeter wave regions. Owing to dynamical magnetoelectric coupling generated by the spin-dependent electric polarization, magnetic resonance, which usually occurs owing to magnetic dipole transition, can be induced by the oscillating electric fields of electromagnetic wave. This electric dipole active magnetic resonance can be useful for microscopic investigations of magnetic excitation in unconventional spin systems. The magnetoelectric coupling also induces the nonreciprocal directional dichroism, which provides a novel functionality to materials as an optical diode, in teraheltz and microwave absorption by magnetic resonance. As examples, we describe the results of the high field ESR measurements of the triangular lattice antiferromagnet \(\hbox {CuFeO}_{\mathrm{2}}\) and the interacting quantum spin dimer systems \(\hbox {TlCuCl}_{\mathrm{3}}\) and \(\hbox {KCuCl}_{\mathrm{3}}\).

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Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to T. Fujita, H. Yamaguchi, T. Kashiwagi, Y. Sawada, K. Watanabe, M. Akaki and K. Kindo for their valuable contribution to the studies, described in Sects. 3 and 4. This work was partly supported by Grant-in-Aid for Science Research from the Japanese Ministry of Education, Science, Sports, Culture, and Technology (No. 17H01142, No. 17H02917, No. 17K05516, No. 19H01834).

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Kimura, S., Terada, N., Hagiwara, M. et al. Electric Dipole Active Magnetic Resonance and Nonreciprocal Directional Dichroism in Magnetoelectric Multiferroic Materials in Terahertz and Millimeter Wave Regions. Appl Magn Reson (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00723-020-01307-w

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