Temporal analysis of precipitation in Saurashtra, Kutch, and Diu sub-division of Western Indian region

Abstract

Gujarat is a semi-arid region where the monsoon is the principal element. Temporal analysis of precipitation and drought characteristics for the period of 146 years (1871–1872 to 2015-2016) covering Saurashtra, Kutch, and Diu regions of Gujarat, revealed long-term behavior. In the duration of 146 years, non-parametric trend identification techniques such as Mann-Kendall test and Sen’s slope estimator show an increasing trend in southwest monsoon and annual rainfall. The annual rainfall concentration was computed by the precipitation concentration index (PCI). Its rough concentration in one-third of the year indicates strong irregularity in rainfall distribution, which is because of the monsoon climate. Seasonal analysis of annual rainfall shows extreme rainfall regime over study area which reveals that almost all rainfall occurred within 1 to 2 months. Drought events have been identified by various drought indicators viz. percentage departure (D%), rainfall anomaly index (RAI), and standardized precipitation index (SPI). Rainfall concentration and monthly heterogeneity are also related to each other by drought characteristics. The declining trend of southwest monsoon PCI implies serious impact on the agriculture and water resources over Saurashtra, Kutch, and Diu regions of Gujarat.

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Acknowledgements

The homogeneous monthly rainfall data were developed by the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM), Pune, and were downloaded from the IITM web site (http://www.tropmet.res.in).

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All authors whose names appear on the submission (1) made substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data; or the creation of new software used in the work; (2) drafted the work or revised it critically for important intellectual content; (3) approved the version to be published; (4) and agreed to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

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Correspondence to Sanjaykumar M. Yadav.

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Yadav, S.M., Bhagat, S.R. & Yadav, V.G. Temporal analysis of precipitation in Saurashtra, Kutch, and Diu sub-division of Western Indian region. Theor Appl Climatol (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00704-021-03564-6

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