Traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage related to ophthalmic artery avulsion: a case report
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We present a case of ophthalmic artery (OA) traumatic avulsion, leading to a post-traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) with ventricular blood invasion and hydrocephalus, mimicking an internal carotid aneurysm rupture. This is the third case of such an event reported in literature and the first without orbital fractures and optic nerve avulsion. Conservative treatment was sufficient for the avulsion, but surgery was needed for the coexisting eye luxation. Traumatic OA avulsion is a rare but possible event and should be suspected in case of basal cisterns SAH, evidence of orbital trauma and CT angiogram or angiographic absence of opacification of the OA.
KeywordsOphthalmic artery avulsion Traumatic SAH Brain trauma Ophthalmic artery Orbital trauma
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
External Ventricular Drainage
Intensive care unit
Traumatic Brain Injury
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
The next of kin has consented to submission of this case report to the journal.
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