Packed hybrids of gold nanoparticles and halloysite nanotubes for dispersive solid phase extraction of triazine herbicides, and their subsequent determination by HPLC

Abstract

Halloysite nanotubes (HNTs) were functionalized with gold nanoparticles. The morphology and structures of this composite were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, powder X-ray diffraction, and surface area and pore-size analyses. The material was employed, in conjunction with a syringe pump and an organic filter head, to the enrichment of five triazines (atrazine, desmetryn, prometorn, tebumeton, ametryn) in spiked rice samples. Several parameters that may affect the extraction efficiencies, including type and volume of extraction solvent, amount of sorbent, times of ultrasonic extraction and adsorption, volume and flow rate of elution solvent, were optimized. Following elution with acetonitrile, the herbicides were quantified by using HPLC. Under the optimum conditions, the LODs of the method, when applied to spiked rice samples, are the range from 0.06 to 1.32 ng g−1 (LODs = 3SD/k). The relative intra-day and inter-day recoveries ranged from 80.6 to 106.5% and 80.4–107.3%, respectively, and relative standard deviations ranged from 0.8 to 8.7% and 3.6–9.6%, respectively.

Packed hybrids of gold nanoparticles and halloysite nanotubes (Au/HNTs) were prepared and applied to the dispersive solid-phase extraction by packed sorbent of five triazine herbicides from rice.

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Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 21405057 and 21207047), Science and Technology Developing Foundation of Jilin Province of China (Nos. 20180201050YY and 201701011106JC), Industrial Innovation Funds of Jilin Province of China (No. 2018C034-1) and Colleges and Universities in Shandong Province Science and Technology project (Grant No. J17KB066).

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Correspondence to Pinyi Ma or Daqian Song.

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Qin, Z., Jiang, Y., Piao, H. et al. Packed hybrids of gold nanoparticles and halloysite nanotubes for dispersive solid phase extraction of triazine herbicides, and their subsequent determination by HPLC. Microchim Acta 186, 489 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00604-019-3578-3

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Keywords

  • Packed sorbent
  • Rice
  • Nanomaterials
  • Semi-automated extaction
  • Injection pump
  • Organic filter head
  • Dispersive solid phase extraction
  • High performance liquid chromatography