Microchimica Acta

, 185:215 | Cite as

A glassy carbon electrode modified with cerium phosphate nanotubes for the simultaneous determination of hydroquinone, catechol and resorcinol

  • Zhen Li
  • Yuhua Yue
  • Yanjun Hao
  • Shun Feng
  • Xianli Zhou
Original Paper


A nafion film containing cerium phosphate nanotubes was pasted onto a glassy carbon electrode (GCE) to obtain a sensor for hydroquinone (HQ). The morphologies and components of the coating were characterized by transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and energy-dispersive spectroscopy. Cyclic voltammetry and differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) showed the specific surface of the electrode to be significantly increased and the electron transfer rate to be accelerated. The modified GCE was applied to the determination of hydroquinone (HQ) via DPV. The oxidation current increases linearly in the 0.23 μM to 16 mM HQ concentration range which is as wide as five orders of magnitude. The limit of detection is 0.12 μM (based on a signal-to-noise ratio of 3), and the sensitivity is 1.41 μA·μM−1 cm−2. The method was further applied to the simultaneous determination of HQ, catechol and resorcinol. The potentials for the three species are well separated (20, 134, and 572 mV vs SCE). Average recoveries from (spiked) real water samples are between 95.2 and 107.0%, with relative standard deviations of 0.9~2.7% (for n = 3) at three spiking levels. The method was validated by independent assays using HPLC.

Graphical abstract


Chemically modified electrode Cerium phosphate Dihydroxybenzene isomers Simultaneous detection Water sample 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China [NSFC, Grant Nos. 21775126 and 21565023].

Compliance with ethical standards

The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests.

Supplementary material

604_2018_2748_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.4 mb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 1435 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Life Science and EngineeringSouthwest Jiaotong UniversityChengduChina

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