A star-shaped polythiophene dendrimer coating for solid-phase microextraction of triazole agrochemicals
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A nanostructured star-shaped polythiophene dendrimer was prepared and used as a fiber coating for headspace solid phase microextraction of selected triazolic pesticides (tebuconazole, hexaconazole, penconazole, diniconazole, difenoconazole, triticonazole) from water samples. The dendrimer with its large surface area was characterized by thermogravimetric analysis, UV–Vis spectroscopy and field emission scanning electron microscopy. It was placed on a stainless steel wire for use in SPME. The experimental conditions for fiber coating, extraction, stirring rate, ionic strength, pH value, desorption temperature and time were optimized. Following thermal desorption, the pesticides were quantified by GC-MS. Under optimum conditions, the repeatability (RSD) for one fiber (for n = 3) ranges from 4.3 to 5.6%. The detection limits are between 8 and 12 pg mL−1. The method is fast, inexpensive (in terms of equipment), and the fiber has high thermal stability.
KeywordsConductive polymer Dendrimer Solid phase-microextraction Triazol Fungicide Gas chromatography
Compliance with ethical standards
The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests.
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