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Table 3 Ophthalmological characteristics of patients enrolled in the study

From: Abnormalities of the oculomotor function in type 1 diabetes and diabetic neuropathy

  Healthy subjects (n = 30) T1D without neuropathy (n = 20) T1D with neuropathy (n = 14) P value
BVCA OD – mean ± SEM 1.0 ± 0.1 1.0 ± 0.1 1.0 ± 0.6 *ns; °ns; §ns
BVCA OS – mean ± SEM 1.0 ± 0.1 1.0 ± 0.1 1.0 ± 0.1 *ns; °ns; §ns
Fovea OD (um) – mean ± SEM 243 ± 3 249 ± 4 244 ± 10 *ns; °ns; §ns
Fovea OS (um) – mean ± SEM 244 ± 4 246 ± 4 245 ± 10 *ns; °ns; §ns
RNFL OD (um) – mean ± SEM 107 ± 2 108 ± 2 109 ± 4 *ns; °ns; §ns
RNFL OS (um) – mean ± SEM 109 ± 2 106 ± 2 108 ± 3 *ns; °ns; §ns
GCC OD (um) – mean ± SEM 97 ± 1 96 ± 1 96 ± 2 *ns; °ns; §ns
GCC OS (um) – mean ± SEM 96 ± 1 97 ± 1 96 ± 2 *ns; °ns; §ns
  1. T1D, Type 1 diabetes; BVCA, best-corrected visual acuity; RNFL, retinal nerve fiber layer thickness; GCC, ganglion cell complex thickness; SEM, standard error of the mean
  2. *Healthy subjects versus T1D without neuropathy; Healthy subjects versus T1D with neuropathy; §T1D without neuropathy versus T1D with neuropathy