Diagnosis of cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy in diabetes: as simple as possible, but not simpler?

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. 1.

    Bellavere F, Ragazzi E, Chilelli NC, Lapolla A, Bax G (2018) Autonomic testing: which value for each cardiovascular test? An observational study. Acta Diabetol. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00592-018-1215-y

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Pafili K, Trypsianis G, Papazoglou D, Maltezos E, Papanas N (2015) Simplified diagnosis of cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy in type 2 diabetes using Ewing’s battery. Rev Diabet Stud 12(1–2):213–219

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    May O, Arildsen H (2011) Long-term predictive power of simple function tests for cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy in diabetes: a population-based study. Acta Diabetol 48(4):311–316

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Stranieri A, Abawajy J, Kelarev A, Huda S, Chowdhury M, Jelinek HF (2013) An approach for Ewing test selection to support the clinical assessment of cardiac autonomic neuropathy. Artif Intell Med 58(3):185–193

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Körei AE, Kempler M, Istenes I, Vági OE, Putz Z, Horváth VJ et al (2017) Why not to use the handgrip test in the assessment of cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy among patients with diabetes mellitus? Curr Vasc Pharmacol 15(1):66–73

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to K. Pafili.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and animal rights disclosure

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

Informed consent

For this type of study formal consent is not required.

Additional information

Publisher’s Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Managed by Massimo Federici.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Pafili, K., Papanas, N. Diagnosis of cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy in diabetes: as simple as possible, but not simpler?. Acta Diabetol 56, 601–602 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00592-018-01279-1

Download citation