Todd J. Albert and Alexander R. Vaccaro: Physical examination of the spine
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This little book is interested in the first intake in charge of a patient who complains about the spinal column.
This book is divided into four great chapters dealing with fundamental (anatomy and classifications) then of the three various parts of the column: cervical, thoracic and lumbar. Inspection, palpation, movements, of the various tests, and finally the neurological evaluation are detailed.
It will allow the surgeon beginning as with more experienced importance of the clinical examination before going further in the complementary examinations.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.