Oblique femoral tunnel or oblique graft? A modified anteromedial portal technique to obtain vertical femoral tunnel and oblique graft in anatomic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction

Abstract

In anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, transtibial drilling of the femoral tunnel has been criticized for its vertical and less anatomical tunnel, which accompanied rotational instability of knee. Many authors recommend anteromedial (AM) portal drilling technique, which creates more oblique and anatomic femoral tunnel. However, recent researches show that oblique tunnel is related to risks of too short femoral tunnel, blowout of back wall, and posterolateral structures injury. Is oblique femoral tunnel really essential for anatomic reconstruction? We introduce a modified AM technique, which abandons the oblique tunnel and provides vertical femoral tunnel and oblique graft with anatomic starting point. The fundamental of the new technique is that oblique graft but not oblique tunnel is essential for rotational stability of knee. Thus, it avoids the risks and preserves anatomic reproduction of ACL.

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Conflict of interest

No benefits in any form have been received or will be received from a commercial party related directly or indirectly to the subject of this article. The patients in this case report were informed that data of their case would be submitted for publication and they agreed to this.

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Correspondence to Hu Xu.

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Zhang, C., Xu, H., Li, X. et al. Oblique femoral tunnel or oblique graft? A modified anteromedial portal technique to obtain vertical femoral tunnel and oblique graft in anatomic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol 23, 731–735 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00590-012-1046-4

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Keywords

  • Arthroscopy
  • Anatomic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction
  • Single-bundle
  • Femoral tunnel
  • Anteromedial portal drilling