Three-dimensional ultrashort echo time (3D UTE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the normal and degenerative disco-vertebral complex at 4.7 T: a feasibility study with longitudinal evaluation

Abstract

Objectives

To assess feasibility of a three-dimensional ultrashort echo time (3D-UTE)-sequence to evaluate normal and pathological disco-vertebral complex (DVC), with assessment of its different portions in a rat model of degenerative disk disease (DDD) with histological correlation. To assess whether this sequence, in comparison with long echo time T2-weighted sequence, is able to monitor DDD with differentiation of early from chronic DVC changes in pathological mechanical conditions.

Methods

Five rats were induced with DDD model by percutaneous disk trituration of the tail with an 18-G needle under US-guidance and imaged at 4.7 T. MRI protocol included fat-saturated-T2 (RARE) and 3D-UTE-sequences performed at baseline (day 0. n = 5 animals /10 DVC) and each week (W) from W1 to W10 postoperatively. Visual analysis and signal intensity measurements of SNR and CNR of all DVC portions were performed on RARE and UTE images. Following killing (baseline, n = 1/2 DVC; W2, n = 2/4 DVC; W10, n = 2/4 DVC), histological analysis was performed and compared with MRI.

Results

In normal DVC, unlike conventional RARE-sequences, 3D-UTE allowed complete identification of DVC zonal anatomy including on visual analysis and CNR measurements. In pathological conditions, SNR and CNR measurements of the annulus fibrosus and nucleus pulposus on 3D-UTE distinguished early discitis at W1 from chronic discopathy (P < 0.001 for SNR and P < 0.001 for CNR). Neither the normal complete anatomy of the DVC nor its pathological patterns could be assessed on conventional sequences.

Conclusions

Unlike conventional sequences, 3D-UTE enables visualization of the complete normal DVC anatomy and enables monitoring of DDD differentiating between early DVC changes from chronic ones.

Level of evidence I

Diagnostic: individual cross-sectional studies with the consistently applied reference standard and blinding.

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Correspondence to Benjamin Dallaudière.

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Dallaudière, B., Ribot, E.J., Trotier, A.J. et al. Three-dimensional ultrashort echo time (3D UTE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the normal and degenerative disco-vertebral complex at 4.7 T: a feasibility study with longitudinal evaluation. Eur Spine J (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00586-021-06755-x

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Keywords

  • Anatomy
  • Disk
  • Endplate
  • MRI
  • UTE