Lumbosacral stress and age may contribute to increased pelvic incidence: an analysis of 1625 adults
While there is a consensus that pelvic incidence (PI) remains constant after skeletal maturity, recent reports argue that PI increases after 60 years. This study aims to investigate whether PI increases with age and to determine potential associated factors.
1510 patients with various spinal degenerative and deformity pathologies were enrolled, along with an additional 115 asymptomatic volunteers. Subjects were divided into six age subgroups with 10-year intervals.
PI averaged 54.1° in all patients. PI was significantly higher in the 45–54-year age group than 35–44-year age group (55.8° vs. 49.7°). There were significant PI differences between genders after age 45. Linear regression revealed age, gender and malalignment as associated factors for increased PI with R 2 of 0.22 (p < 0.001).
PI is higher in female patients and in older patients, especially those over 45 years old. Spinal malalignment also may have a role in increased PI due to increased L5–S1 bending moment.
KeywordsAdult spinal deformity Pelvic incidence Sagittal alignment
The manuscript submitted does not contain information about medical device(s)/drug(s).
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
None of the authors has any potential conflict of interest.
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