Invariance of head-pelvis alignment and compensatory mechanisms for asymptomatic adults older than 49 years
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The aim was to quantify the postural alignment of asymptomatic elderly, in comparison to a reference population, searching for possible invariants and compensatory mechanisms.
41 volunteers (49–76 years old) underwent bi-planar X-rays with 3D reconstructions of the spine and pelvis. Alignment parameters were compared with those of a reference group of asymptomatic subjects younger than 40 years old, with a particular focus on center of acoustic meati (CAM) and odontoid (OD) with regard to hip axis (HA). Possible markers of compensation were also investigated.
No significant difference among groups appeared for CAM-HA and OD-HA parameters. Twenty four percent of elders had an abnormally high SVA value and twenty seven percent had an abnormal global spine inclination. Increased pelvic tilt and cervical lordosis allowed maintaining the head above the pelvis.
CAM-HA and OD-HA appeared quasi-invariant even in asymptomatic elderly. Some subjects exhibited alteration of spine alignment, compensated at the pelvis and cervical regions.
KeywordsPostural alignment 3D reconstruction Asymptomatic elderly
The authors are grateful to the Banque Public d’Investissement for financial support through the dexEOS project part of the French FUI14 program. Authors thank the ParisTech BiomecAM chair program on subject-specific musculoskeletal modeling, and in particular COVEA and Société Générale. The authors thank EOS Imaging for their help in the data collection.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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