European Spine Journal

, Volume 26, Issue 5, pp 1492–1498 | Cite as

Percutaneous pedicle screw fixation plus kyphoplasty for thoracolumbar fractures A2, A3 and B2

  • Panagiotis Korovessis
  • Eva Mpountogianni
  • Vasilleios Syrimpeis
Original Article



Retrospective cohort.


The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of percutaneous short fixation (PSFx) plus kyphoplasty (BP) for thoracolumbar fractures.


Thirty-six consecutive selected patients, aged 59 ± 17 years, with fresh single thoracolumbar A2, A3, and B2 AO-type fracture, received PSFx plus BP. The primary outcomes pain, and vertebral body deformity; and the secondary outcomes screw malposition, facet violation, PMMA leakage, adjacent segment degeneration (ASD) and loss of correction were evaluated. The f/up was 31 ± 7 months.


Pain and kyphosis decreased and vertebral body heights increased significantly postoperation. PMMA leakage occurred in five cases; 6 (4 %) screws were grades III malpositioned in relation to pedicle; facet violation occurred in 8 (5.5 %) facets; loss of kyphosis correction was 3.68°; ASD occurred in two cases; interfacet fusion in ten (28 %) patients; Three patients were reoperated for different reasons.


PSFx plus BP for thoracolumbar fractures reduces significantly spinal deformity and pain with few complications.


Percutaneous Pedicle screws Thoracolumbar fractures Kyphoplasty 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest



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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Orthopaedic Department General Hospital PatrasPatrasGreece

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