The continuing relevance of “older” mycorrhiza literature: insights from the work of John Laker Harley (1911–1990)
- 423 Downloads
To new generations of scientists beginning their careers in research, we strongly recommend the practice of reading older literature. To illustrate the value of doing so, we highlight six insights of one of the most influential mycorrhiza researchers of the twentieth century, Jack Harley. These insights concerning mycotrophy, the new niche, the sheath, C cycling, N cycling, and mutualism were published prior to 1975 and so may have escaped the notice of many, but they laid the groundwork for some of the most important research of today.
KeywordsMycotrophy Niche Sheath Mutualism C cycling N cycling
We thank the planning committee of the 9th International Conference on Mycorrhiza and, particularly, Jan Jansa for inviting us to present this paper. We also thank two anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments. Roger Koide received funding from Brigham Young University.
- Cotrufo MF, Wallenstein MD, Boot CM, Denef K, Paul E (2013) The microbial efficiency-matrix stabilization (MEMS) framework integrates plant litter decomposition with soil organic matter stabilization: do labile plant inputs form stable soil organic matter? Glob Chang Biol 19:988–995. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.12113 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Ekblad A, Wallander H, Godbold DL, Cruz C, Johnson D, Baldrian P, Björk RG, Epron D, Kieliszewska-Rokicka B, Kjøller R, Kraigher H, Matzner E, Neumann J, Plassard C (2013) The production and turnover of extramatrical mycelium of ectomycorrhizal fungi in forest soils: role in carbon cycling. Plant Soil 366(1–2):1–27CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Gray TRG, Williams ST (1971) Microbial productivity in the soil. In: Hughes AH, Rose AA (eds) Microbes and biological productivity. Cambridge University Press, pp. 255–286Google Scholar
- Harley JL (1969) The Biology of mycorrhiza, second edition. Plant science monographs, Ed. N. Polunin. Leonard Hill, LondonGoogle Scholar
- Harley JL (1975) Problems of mycotrophy. In: endomycorrhizas. Proceedings of a symposium held at University of Leeds, 22–25 July 1974. Academic Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
- Lenaers M, Reyns W, Czech J, Carleer R, Basak I, Deferme W, Krupinska P, Yildiz T, Saro S, Remans T, Vangronsveld J, de Laender F, Rineau F (2018) Links between heathland fungal biomass mineralization, melanization, and hydrophobicity. Microb Ecol. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00248-018-1167-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Lewis DH (1975) Comparative aspects of the carbon nutrition of mycorrhizas. In: Endomycorrhizas. Proceedings of a symposium held at University of Leeds, 22–25 July 1974. Academic Press, LondonGoogle Scholar