Magnetic resonance (MR) brain image segmentation is an important task for the early detection of any deformation followed by the quantitative analysis for the prediction and stage defection of brain diseases. But segmentation of the MR brain image suffers from limited accuracy as captured images have non-uniform homogeneity over an organ, presence of noise, uneven and broken boundary etc. Due to the complex structure of the brain and varieties of the captured MR images, only a single feature based MR image segmentation cannot give sufficient accurate result. In the proposed method thresholds for segmenting the MR image are computed by maximizing the mutual information for the two features, compactness and homogeneity. The proposed algorithm is tested against the real T1 MR image to asses the accuracy. Further the output is validated and compared with the ground truth and other recently reported works.
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Roy, A., Maity, S.P. Automatic MR image segmentation using maximization of mutual information. Microsyst Technol 27, 341–351 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00542-018-4031-y