Synergy evaluation model of container multimodal transport based on BP neural network

Abstract

With the rapid development of economic globalization, the trade of various countries has become increasingly close and thus the rapid growth of container transportation business. The rational choice of transportation routes and intermodal transportation methods has become a hot topic in this field. In order to improve the efficiency of intermodal transportation and reduce the cost of intermodal transportation, this paper studies the evaluation of the synergy effect of container multimodal transportation based on the BP neural network algorithm. First, it is determined that the multi-attribute decision-making method is used to comprehensively evaluate the synergy effect of container multimodal transportation, and the data are normalized. Select the appropriate hidden layer nodes, use Matlab to determine the learning rate, select the logsig function for the network transfer function, select Traingdx as the training function, and establish a container multimodal transport synergy evaluation model based on BP neural network. Secondly, the model is solved, and the problem is transformed into finding the shortest route from Q to P without exceeding the cost and time constraints. Then carry on the simulation experiment, use Matlab to solve the transportation time and total cost between cities. Experimental data show that when the number of iterations is 800, the algorithm begins to converge; at the fifth training, the error between the actual output and the expected output is only 0.0004; in route B, the time of multimodal transportation is 48.18% less than that of single transportation, and the cost is saved by 50.02%. This shows that the container multimodal transport synergy evaluation model based on BP neural network can accurately evaluate the effects, and container multimodal transport can indeed improve transportation efficiency and save costs.

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Acknowledgements

This work was supported by Projects of the scientific research plan in 2020 in Shaanxi province department of education “Profit Distribution Research of Multimodal Transport based on Competition Game” (20JZ016), Central College Fund of Chang’an University Project Research and Practice of "Theory and Method of Transportation Planning" online teaching Reform (300103102047). This work also was supported by Science research project of education department of Jilin province, Project number: JJKH20190774SK, JJKH20200206SK; Program for Innovative Research Team of Jilin Engineering Normal University.

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Correspondence to Haiwen Wang.

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Zhu, W., Wang, H. & Zhang, X. Synergy evaluation model of container multimodal transport based on BP neural network. Neural Comput & Applic (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00521-020-05584-1

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Keywords

  • BP neural network
  • Container multimodal transportation
  • Synergy evaluation
  • Normalization processing
  • Model solving