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Impact of climate change on sustainable livestock production and existence of wildlife and marine species in the South Pacific island countries: a review

Abstract

Climate change poses a significant threat to humanity by intensifying multiple hazards. South Pacific Island countries (SPICs) are affected and face a dire challenge to survival. Sea level rise is reducing the already limited land for human and animal habitation. Tropical cyclones and droughts are having devastating effects on the lives of humans and animals. Tropical cyclone Winston, for example, destroyed infrastructure for humans and animals in some parts of Fiji, and infectious diseases are spreading to regions where they are not commonly seen following cyclones and floods. Likewise, climate change is making droughts worse. Droughts are destroying crops and pasturelands and making freshwater unavailable for human and animal populations in the Solomon Islands and Tuvalu. There is an urgent need to ascertain the best approaches to tackle the events, which are already happening. Short-term changes can be managed at local levels through public awareness campaigns, understanding the weather patterns to prepare for disasters, reclaiming land, improving livestock breeds, introducing zoos and wildlife sanctuaries and inventing economically feasible technologies to harvest water. Long-term solutions depend on the implementation of international agreements, international aid and collective effort.

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Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank the Fiji Meteorological Services for providing data on tropical cyclones.

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Bakare, A.G., Kour, G., Akter, M. et al. Impact of climate change on sustainable livestock production and existence of wildlife and marine species in the South Pacific island countries: a review. Int J Biometeorol 64, 1409–1421 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00484-020-01902-3

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00484-020-01902-3

Keywords

  • Greenhouse gases
  • Climate hazards
  • Sustainability
  • Habitat loss
  • South Pacific Islands