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The insight of agricultural adaptation to climate change: a case of rice growers in Eastern Himalaya, India

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Abstract

Adaptation is crucial to curb down the negative impact of climate change particularly on agricultural sector. Hence, a study was conducted to identify the strategies adopted by the cereal growers in Eastern Himalaya region of India and determine the factors affecting them. A total 120 farmers were surveyed from Senapati district in Manipur and East Sikkim district in Sikkim. The widely adopted strategies were the change in transplanting time and change in transplanting as well as harvesting time, which were autonomous, traditional, and taken in response to the scarcity of water. Tobit model has identified that the area under rice cultivation, support received from Village Science Centre, and decline in food availability positively influenced the farmers to adapt to climate change. Multinomial logit model revealed that the female farmers, area under rice cultivation, and decline in rice productivity positively influenced the adoption of the strategies, whereas number of cattle owned, irrigated area, and support from Agricultural Department revealed the negative influence. To sustain farming in hill agriculture, the study recommends the integration of the farmers’ knowledge along with scientific measures. Planned intervention, viz., in the form of construction of water harvesting structure, should be initiated by the State Government.

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Notes

  1. Above mean sea level

  2. The walls or roof is made of either burnt bricks, bamboos, mud, grass, reeds, thatch, or loosely packed stone.

  3. The walls and roof are made of burnt bricks, stones (packed with lime or cement), cement concrete, and timber.

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Funding

This work was supported by the University Grant Commission (UGC) under the Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowship grant number F1-17.1/2014-15/RGNF-2014-15-ST-MEG-77655 / (SA-III/Website) Dtd-25-Feb-2015.

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Correspondence to Dayohimi Rymbai.

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The paper is the part of the Ph.D. work of the first author.

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Rymbai, D., Sheikh, F.M. The insight of agricultural adaptation to climate change: a case of rice growers in Eastern Himalaya, India. Int J Biometeorol 62, 1833–1845 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00484-018-1586-3

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