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Table 1 Selected phenological phases, corresponding phenological seasons and abbreviations used

From: Machine learning modeling of plant phenology based on coupling satellite and gridded meteorological dataset

Species (Latin) Species (English) Phenophase Phenological No. of Abbr. BBCH
    season observations   scale
Corylus avellana L. Hazel Flowering Earliest spring 377 Fl.Cor. BBCH 60
Tussilago farfara L. Coltsfoot Flowering Earliest spring 377 Fl.Tus. BBCH 60
Betula pendula Roth Silver birch Leaf unfolding Early spring 377 Lu.Bet. BBCH 11
Taraxacum officinale F.H. Wigg. Dandelion Flowering Early spring 377 Fl.Tar. BBCH 60
Prunus padus L. Hackberry Flowering Early spring 377 Fl.Pad. BBCH 60
Aesculus hippocastanum L. Horse chestnut Flowering Late spring 377 Fl.Aes. BBCH 60
Syringa vulgaris L. Lilac Flowering Late spring 377 Fl.Syr. BBCH 60
Robinia pseudoacacia L. Black locust Flowering Early summer 377 Fl.Rob. BBCH 60
Tilia cordata Mill. Small-leaved lime Flowering Summer 347 Fl.Til. BBCH 60
Aesculus hippocastanum L. Horse chestnut Fruit ripening Mid autumn 298 Ri.Aes. BBCH 86
Aesculus hippocastanum L. Horse chestnut Leaf coloring Late autumn 287 Co.Aes. BBCH 94
Betula pendula Roth Silver birch Leaf coloring Late autumn 288 Co.Bet. BBCH 94
Betula pendula Roth Silver birch Leaf falling Late autumn 288 Lf.Bet. BBCH 97