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Table 3 Comparative table depicting self-reported impacts of heat stress on health and productivity from a questionnaire (N = reported cases)

From: Climate change-induced heat risks for migrant populations working at brick kilns in India: a transdisciplinary approach

Variable Impacts Summer (N = 87)
June–July 2013 and March–April 2014
Winter (N = 61)
February 2013 and January-February 2015
N Percent (%) N Percent (%)
Impacts on health Excessive sweating 82 94 40 66
Muscle cramps 32 37 28 46
Tiredness/weakness/dizziness 75 86 44 72
Headache 55 67 19 31
Nausea/vomiting 7 8 3 5
Fainting 13 15 6 10
Prickly heat 21 24 7 11
Production target and issues Have production target 2 2 10 16
Able to complete production target 2 2 9 15
Not able to complete production 1 2
Impacts on productivity Absenteeism/taken sick leave due to heat 14 16 10 16
Less productivity/more time to complete task/work extra hours 42 48 10 16
Irritation/interpersonal issues 16 18 1 2
Wages lost 5 8
Coping mechanisms Take rest 65 75 60 98
Drink water 87 100 61 100
Cool shower, bath, or sponge bath 24 28 1 2
Traditional methods (e.g., drinks and diet, self-pacing) 49 56 14 23
Impact of clothing on comfort No impact 72 83 60 98
Impact of clothing on productivity Moderate impact 24 28 12 14
High impact 4 5 1 1