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International Journal of Biometeorology

, Volume 62, Issue 4, pp 609–620 | Cite as

A comparison of bioclimatic potential in two global regions during the late twentieth century and early twenty-first century

  • Maria G. Lebedeva
  • Anthony R. Lupo
  • Chasity B. Henson
  • Alexandr B. Solovyov
  • Yury G. Chendev
  • Patrick S. Market
Original Paper

Abstract

Changes in the general circulation of the atmosphere have been taking place during the latter part of the twentieth century and the early part of the twenty-first century. In the Belgorod region of Southwest Russia, this has been manifested in the more frequent occurrence of stationary anticyclones, including those referred to as blocking anticyclones, especially during the summer season. Also, there has been a general increase in regional temperatures during the growing season over the period mentioned above, and combined with the more frequent occurrence of anticyclones has led to less humid conditions. In the Missouri region of the Central USA, variability in the circulation on differing time scales within the Eastern Pacific plays a strong role in the conditions that impact the growing season. As a result of changes in climate and climate variability, the benefit to agriculture during this period produces mixed results for both regions. This work will evaluate the growing season conditions using indexes that combine growing season temperature and precipitation such as the hydrothermal coefficient (HTC) and the bioclimatic potential (BCP). Also, the interannual variability of these indexes in both regions was examined. In the Belgorod region, the increase in temperature combined with little change in precipitation produced mixed results in interpreting these indexes. This was accompanied by more variable conditions as revealed by these indexes in the early twenty-first century. In the Missouri region, there was little trend in either index over the time period and the tendency was toward less climatic variability in the HTC and BCP.

Keywords

Climate change Climate variability Agriculture Atmospheric blocking Bioclimatic potential Hydrothermal coefficient 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors acknowledge the support of the Russian Science Foundation (RSF) grant No 14-17-00171; “Regional responses of environmental components on climate change varying periodicity: South forest-steppe of the Central Russian Upland”, for analysis of the data pertaining to the Belgorod region. We also thank the anonymous reviewers and editors for their suggestions, which improved this manuscript.

Funding information

This work was supported by the Russian Science Foundation (RSF) grant No 14-17-00171 and was funded partially under the Missouri EPSCoR project supported by the National Science Foundation under Award Number IIA-1355406 for the central USA region.

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Copyright information

© ISB 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria G. Lebedeva
    • 1
  • Anthony R. Lupo
    • 2
  • Chasity B. Henson
    • 2
  • Alexandr B. Solovyov
    • 1
  • Yury G. Chendev
    • 3
  • Patrick S. Market
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Geography and GeoecologyBelgorod State UniversityBelgorodRussia
  2. 2.Department of Soil, Environmental, and Atmospheric SciencesUniversity of MissouriColumbiaUSA
  3. 3.Department of Natural Resources Management and Land CadastreBelgorod State UniversityBelgorodRussia

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