Skip to main content

Advertisement

Log in

Spatiotemporal variations of the start of thermal growing season for grassland on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau during 1961–2014

  • Special Issue: Asian Biometeorology (invited only)
  • Published:
International Journal of Biometeorology Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

The start of thermal growing season (STGS) is an important indicator for climate change effects on regional plant growth and development. This study comprehensively investigated and compared the spatiotemporal variations in STGS at 0 °C (STGS_0), 5 °C (STGS_5), and 10 °C (STGS_10) thresholds for grassland on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau (QTP) during 1961–2014. Although elevation was the predominant influencing factor of the spatial variations of STGSs, the effect of latitude should not be ignored at the low-elevation regions, especially for the STGS with a low-temperature threshold (e.g., STGS_0). With the decrease of temperature thresholds, the effect of elevation became weaker, while the effect of latitude became stronger. Significant advancing trends were observed in all the three STGSs, with greater advancing rate for STGS_0 (0.23 days·year−1) than that of STGS_5 (0.15 days·year−1) and STGS_10 (0.16 days·year−1). More obvious advancing trends were found after 1980, which coincided with more rapid climate warming. The advancing trends weakened after 1998 when climate warming hiatus occurred. Since positive and negative impacts may be simultaneously induced by the advanced STGSs, more observations are still needed to analyze their impacts on the growth and development of alpine grassland on the QTP.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  • Berdanier AB, Klein JA (2011) Growing season length and soil moisture interactively constrain high elevation aboveground net primary production. Ecosystems 14(6):963–974. doi:10.1007/s10021-011-9459-1

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Dai J, Wang H, Ge Q (2014) The spatial pattern of leaf phenology and its response to climate change in China. Int J Biometeorol 58(4):521–528. doi:10.1007/s00484-013-0679-2

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Ding M, Zhang Y, Sun X, Liu L, Wang Z (2012) Spatiotemporal variation in alpine grassland phenology in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau from 1999 to 2009. Chinese Sci Bull 57(33):3185–3194. doi:10.1007/s11434-012-5407-5

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Dong M, Jiang Y, Zheng C, Zhang D (2012) Trends in the thermal growing season throughout the Tibetan Plateau during 1960–2009. Agric For Meteorol 166:201–206. doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2012.07.013

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Duan A, Xiao Z (2015) Does the climate warming hiatus exist over the Tibetan Plateau? Sci Rep-UK 5:13711. doi:10.1038/srep13711

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Easterling DR, Wehner MF (2009) Is the climate warming or cooling? Geophys Res Lett 36(L08706):1–3. doi:10.1029/2009GL037810

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Frich P, Alexander LV, Della-Marta P, Gleason B, Haylock M, Tank A, Peterson T (2002) Observed coherent changes in climatic extremes during the second half of the twentieth century. Clim Res 19(3):193–212. doi:10.3354/cr019193

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Fu YH, Zhao H, Piao S, Peaucelle M, Peng S, Zhou G, Ciais P, Huang M, Menzel A, Peñuelas J, Song Y, Vitasse Y, Zeng Z, Janssens IA (2015) Declining global warming effects on the phenology of spring leaf unfolding. Nature 526(7571):104. doi:10.1038/nature15402

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Kosaka Y, Xie S (2013) Recent global-warming hiatus tied to equatorial Pacific surface cooling. Nature 501(7467):403. doi:10.1038/nature12534

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Linderholm HW (2006) Growing season changes in the last century. Agric For Meteorol 137:1–14. doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2006.03.006

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Linderholm HW, Walther A, Chen D (2008) Twentieth-century trends in the thermal growing season in the Greater Baltic Area. Clim Chang 87:405–419. doi:10.1007/s10584-007-9327-3

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Liu B, Henderson M, Zhang Y, Xu M (2010) Spatiotemporal change in China’s climatic growing season: 1955–2000. Clim Chang 99:93–118. doi:10.1007/s10584-009-9662-7

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Liu X, Chen B (2000) Climatic warming in the Tibetan Plateau during recent decades. Int J Climatol 20: 1729–1742. doi: 10.1002/1097–0088(20001130)20:14<1729::AID-JOC556>3.0.CO;2-Y

  • Liu X, Zhu X, Pan Y, Zhu W, Zhang J, Zhang D (2016) Thermal growing season and response of alpine grassland to climate variability across the Three-Rivers Headwater Region, China. Agric For Meteorol 220:30–37. doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2016.01.015

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Menzel A, Estrella N, Fabian P (2001) Spatial and temporal variability of the phenological seasons in Germany from 1951 to 1996. Glob Chang Biol 7(6):657–666. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2001.00430.x

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Piao S, Cui M, Chen A, Wang X, Ciais P, Liu J, Tang Y (2011) Altitude and temperature dependence of change in the spring vegetation green-up date from 1982 to 2006 in the Qinghai-Xizang Plateau. Agric For Meteorol 151(12):1599–1608. doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2011.06.016

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Piao S, Fang J, He J (2006) Variations in vegetation net primary production in the Qinghai-Xizang Plateau, China, from 1982 to 1999. Clim Chang 74:253–267. doi:10.1007/s10584-005-6339-8

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Piao S, Friedlingstein P, Ciais P, Viovy N, Demarty J (2007) Growing season extension and its impact on terrestrial carbon cycle in the Northern Hemisphere over the past 2 decades. Global Biogeochem Cy 21(3):1148–1154. doi:10.1029/2006GB002888

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Richardson AD, Keenan TF, Migliavacca M, Ryu Y, Sonnentag O, Toomey M (2013) Climate change, phenology, and phenological control of vegetation feedbacks to the climate system. Agric For Meteorol 169:156–173. doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2012.09.012

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Shen M, Tang Y, Chen J, Yang W (2012) Specification of thermal growing season in temperate China from 1960 to 2009. Clim Chang 114:783–798. doi:10.1007/s10584-012-0434-4

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Shen SSP, Yin H, Cannon K, Howard A, Chetner S, Karl TR (2005) Temporal and spatial changes of the agroclimate in Alberta, Canada, from 1901 to 2002. J Appl Meteorol 44(7):1090–1105. doi:10.1175/JAM2251.1

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Song Y, Linderholm HW, Chen D, Walther A (2010) Trends of the thermal growing season in China, 1951–2007. Int J Climatol 30(1):33–43. doi:10.1002/joc.1868

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Stocker T, Qin D, Plattner G, Tignor M, Allen S, Boschung J, Nauels A, Xia Y, Bex B, Midgley P (2013) IPCC, 2013: summary for policymakers. In: Climate change 2013: the physical science basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

  • Trenberth KE, Fasullo JT, Branstator G, Phillips AS (2014) Seasonal aspects of the recent pause in surface warming. Nat Clim Chang 4(10):911–916. doi:10.1038/nclimate2341

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Wischnewski J, Kramer A, Kong Z, Mackay AW, Simpson GL, Mischke S, Herzschuh U (2011) Terrestrial and aquatic responses to climate change and human impact on the southeastern Tibetan Plateau during the past two centuries. Glob Chang Biol 17(11):3376–3391. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02474.x

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Xue X, Guo J, Han B, Sun Q, Liu L (2009) The effect of climate warming and permafrost thaw on desertification in the Qing-Tibetan Plateau. Geomorphology 108(3):182–190. doi:10.1016/j.geomorph.2009.01.004

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Zhao D, Wu S (2016) Spatial and temporal variability of key bio-temperature indicators on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau for the period 1961-2013. Int J Climatol 36(4):2083–2092. doi:10.1002/joc.4482

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Zheng D, Zhang Q, Wu S (2000) Mountain geoecology and sustainable development of the Tibetan Plateau. Springer Science & Business Media, Berlin

    Book  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

We thank the funding supports from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41371389) and the State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology (No. 2013-ZY-14).

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding authors

Correspondence to Wenquan Zhu or Donghai Zhang.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Zhu, W., Zhang, D., Jiang, N. et al. Spatiotemporal variations of the start of thermal growing season for grassland on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau during 1961–2014. Int J Biometeorol 63, 639–647 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00484-017-1426-x

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00484-017-1426-x

Keywords

Navigation