, Volume 32, Issue 6, pp 1559–1571 | Cite as

Development of EST-SSR markers in Larix principis-rupprechtii Mayr and evaluation of their polymorphism and cross-species amplification

  • Mingliang Dong
  • Zewei Wang
  • Qingwei He
  • Jian Zhao
  • Zhirong Fan
  • Jinfeng ZhangEmail author
Original Article


Key message

We developed and validated a new set of polymorphic EST-SSR markers across Larix species and evaluated genetic diversity in a clonal seed orchard of Larix principis-rupprechtii Mayr.


Prince Rupprecht’s larch (Larix principis-rupprechtii Mayr) is an important deciduous conifer species that has been widely planted in North China due to its major ecological and commercial value. However, the paucity of genomic data and robust molecular markers has hampered genetic and genomic studies. Here, transcriptome sequencing of L. principis-rupprechtii callus was performed using the Illumina platform. By mining 43,753 assembled unigenes, 1418 expressed sequence tag-simple sequence repeats (EST-SSRs) derived from 1300 unigenes were identified. A total of 1065 primer pairs were designed and 240 of these selected at random for validation among 24 L. principis-rupprechtii individuals. Of these, 52 primer pairs were scored as polymorphic, and 20 polymorphic EST-SSR markers were further selected to genotype 66 clones deployed in a clonal seed orchard of L. principis-rupprechtii; these exhibited a moderate level of genetic diversity, as reflected by the mean values of the number of alleles (Na = 3.85) and polymorphism information content (PIC = 0.424). Additionally, all of the 20 EST-SSR markers could amplify clear and stable bands across three related Larix species. A neighbor-joining (NJ) clustering tree uniquely distinguished 66 clones and distributed these into three main clusters, which was further validated by principal coordinate analysis (PCoA). The developed EST-SSR markers will serve as valuable tools for future genetics and breeding research in larch species. The evaluation of genetic diversity among 66 clones will provide important information for efficient management and utilization of genetic material in L. principis-rupprechtii breeding programs.


EST-SSR markers Genetic diversity Larix principis-rupprechtii Transcriptome Transferability 



This paper was supported by National Key R&D Program of China (2017YFD0600404-1), Medium and Long Scientific Research Project for Young Teachers in Beijing Forestry University (2015ZCQ-SW-02), the Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China (31370658), “948” Project of China (2014-4-59), and major science and technology special project of Xuchang, Henan Province, China (20170112006). We are grateful to the Fine Variety Base of Longtoushan (Weichang County, China) and Jingle County Forestry Bureau (Jingle County, China) for their assistance in collecting samples.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Data archiving statement

The RNA sequencing raw data have been submitted to the NCBI Short Read Archive (SRA) with the accession number SRP127010.

Supplementary material

468_2018_1733_MOESM1_ESM.xlsx (35 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (XLSX 34 KB)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mingliang Dong
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Zewei Wang
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Qingwei He
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Jian Zhao
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Zhirong Fan
    • 4
  • Jinfeng Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Tree Breeding by Molecular Design, National Engineering Laboratory for Tree Breeding, Key Laboratory of Genetics and Breeding in Forest Trees and Ornamental Plants of Ministry of EducationBeijing Forestry UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Forest Trees and Ornamental Plants Biological Engineering of State Forestry AdministrationBeijing Forestry UniversityBeijingChina
  3. 3.College of Biological Sciences and BiotechnologyBeijing Forestry UniversityBeijingChina
  4. 4.Jingle County Forestry BureauJinglePeople’s Republic of China

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