Advertisement

Trees

, Volume 32, Issue 6, pp 1531–1546 | Cite as

Multiple tree-ring parameters of Quercus brantii Lindel in SW Iran show a strong potential for intra-annual climate reconstruction

  • Mohsen ArsalaniEmail author
  • Achim Bräuning
  • Kambiz Pourtahmasi
  • Ghasem Azizi
  • Hosein Mohammadi
Original Article

Abstract

Key message

Intra-annual tree-ring parameters of Quercus brantii contain high-resolution intra-annual climate signals which enable us to trace seasonal aspects of climate change and to reconstruct high-resolution climate data for the semi-arid region.

Abstract

Environmental conditions affect growth potential and wood-anatomical features of tree species. Hence, valuable climate signals can be extracted from intra-annual tree-ring features. In this study, we evaluated the potential of intra-annual wood parameters of Quercus brantii Lindel growing in the semi-arid southern Zagros Mountains, Iran. We analyzed earlywood width (EWW), latewood width (LWW), total ring-width (TRW), and several vessel features of the oak species. Standard chronologies have been developed for ring-width and vessel parameters using dendrochronological and quantitative wood-anatomical approaches. Correlations with local climate data showed that precipitation during the pre-growing and growing seasons had positive effects on EWW, LWW, TRW, and latewood vessel size. In contrast, earlywood vessel size showed positive correlations with precipitation in the active growing period (January–April). EWW, LWW, and TRW showed negative correlations with temperature during the pre-growing and growing seasons. Earlywood and latewood vessel features showed stronger negative correlations with mean monthly temperatures during the vessel formation period. Our results revealed that EWW, LWW, and earlywood and latewood anatomical variables of the trees contain valuable climatic signals complementing each other over different seasons. Despite the often low common signal strength of the anatomical variables shared between trees, they showed strong climate–growth relationships which can be useful for the reconstruction of seasonally resolved climate parameters in a multi-parameter tree-ring approach.

Keywords

Dendroclimatology Climate proxy Quantitative wood anatomy Quercus brantii. Zagros oak woodlands Earlywood and latewood vessels 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The research stay of M. Arsalani at the Institute of Geography, Friedrich-Alexander University of Erlangen-Nuremberg was supported by the Iranian Ministry of Science, Research and Technology (MSRT) and by the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) in the framework of German–Iranian scholarship Program (GISP). We thank Iris Burchardt for technical support during the laboratory work in Germany. We also thank the two anonymous reviewers for their constructive comments and suggestions.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

References

  1. Akkemik ϋ, Dagdeviren N, Aras A (2005) A preliminary reconstruction (A.D. 1635–2000) of spring precipitation using oak tree rings in the western Black Sea region of Turkey. Int J Biometeorol 49(5):297–302CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Anfodillo T, Deslauriers A, Menardi R, Tedoldi L, Petit G, Rossi S (2012) Widening of xylem conduits in a conifer tree depends on the longer time of cell expansion downwards along the stem. J Exp Bot 63(2):837–845CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Arsalani M, Azizi G, Bräuning A (2014) Dendroclimatic reconstruction of May–June maximum temperatures in the central Zagros Mountains, western Iran. Int J Climatol 35:408–416CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Arsalani M, Pourtahamsi K, Azizi G, Bräuning A, Mohammadi H (2018) Tree-ring based December–February precipitation reconstruction in the southern Zagros Mountains. Iran Dendrochronol 49:45–56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Azizi G, Arsalani M, Bräuning A, Moghimi E (2013) Precipitation variations in the central Zagros Mountains (Iran) since A.D. 1840 based on oak tree rings. Palaeogeogr Palaeoclimatol Palaeoecol 386:96–103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bräuning A, De Ridder M, Zafirov N, García-González I, Petrov Dimitrov D, Gärtner H (2016) Tree-ring features: indicators of extreme event impacts. IAWA J 37(2):206–231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Campelo F, Nabais C, García-González I, Cherubini P, Gutiérrez E, Freitas H (2009) Dendrochronology of Quercus ilex L. and its potential use for climate reconstruction in the Mediterranean region. Can J Res 39:2486–2493CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Campelo F, Nabais C, Gutiérrez E, Freitas H, García-González I (2010) Vessel features of Quercus ilex L. growing under Mediterranean climate have a better climatic signal than tree-ring width. Trees 24(3):463–470CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cherubini P, Gartner BL, Tognetti R, Bräker O, Schoch W, Innes JL (2003) Identification, measurement and interpretation of tree rings in woody species from Mediterranean climates. Biol Rev 78:119–148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Cook ER, Peters K (1981) The smoothing spline: a new approach to standardizing forest interior tree-ring width series for dendroclimatic studies. Tree-ring Bull 41:45–55Google Scholar
  11. Corcuera L, Camarero JJ, Gil-Pelegrin E (2004) Effects of a severe drought on Quercus ilex radial growth and xylem anatomy. Trees 18:83–92CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Cufar K, De Luis M, Eckstein D, Kaifez-Bogataj L (2008) Reconstructing dry and wet summers in SE Slovenia from oak tree-ring series. Int J Biometeorol 52(7):607–615CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. D’Arrigo R, Yamaguchi D, Wiles G, Jacoby G, Osawa A, Lawrence D (1997) A Kashiwa oak (Quercus dentata) tree-ring width chronology from northern coastal Hokkaido, Japan. Can J For Res 27(4):613–617CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Dawson A, Austin D, Walker D, Appleton S, Gillanders BM, Griffin SM, Sakata C, Trouet V (2015) A tree-ring based reconstruction of early summer precipitation in southwestern Virginia (1750–1981). Clim Res 64(3):243–256CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Delju AH, Ceylan A, Piguet E, Rebetez M (2013) Observed climate variability and change in Urmia Lake Basin, Iran. Theoret Appl Climatol 112:285–296CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Djamali M, Akhani H, Andrieu-Ponel V, Braconnot P, Brewer S, de-Beaulieu JL, Fleitmann D, Fleury J, Gasse F, Guibal F, Jackson ST, Lézine AM Médail M, Ponel F, Roberts N, Stevens L (2010) Indian summer monsoon variations could have affected the early-Holocene woodland expansion in the Near East. The Holocene 20(5):813–820CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Eckstein D (2004) Changes in past environments-secretes of tree hydrosystem. New Phytol 163:1–4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. El-Moslimany A (1986) Ecology and late-Quaternary history of the Kurdo-Zagrosian oak forest near Lake Zeribar, western Iran. Vegetatio 68:55–63Google Scholar
  19. Fichtler E, Worbes M (2012) Wood anatomical variables in tropical trees and their relation to site conditions and individual tree morphology. IAWA J 33:119–140Google Scholar
  20. Fonti P, Garcia-Gonzalez I (2008) Earlywood vessel size of oak as a potential proxy for spring precipitation in mesic sites. J Biogeogr 35:2249–2257CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Fonti P, García-González I (2004) Suitability of chestnut earlywood vessel chronologies for ecological studies. New Phytol 163(1):77–86CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Fonti P, Heller O, Cherubini P, Rigling A, Arend M (2013) Wood anatomical responses of oak saplings exposed to air warming and soil drought. Plant Biol 1:210–219CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Friedrichs DA, Bϋntgen U, Frank DC, Esper J, Neuwirth B, Löffler J (2008) Complex climate controls on 20th century oak growth in Central-West Germany. Tree Physiol 29:39–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Fritts HC (1976) Tree rings and climate. Academic Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  25. Garcia-Gonzalez I, Eckstein D (2003) Climatic signal of earlywood vessels of oak on a maritime site. Tree Physiol 23:497–504CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. García-González I, Fonti P (2006) Selecting earlywood vessels to maximize their environmental signal. Tree Physiol 26:1289–1296CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Gärtner H, Banzer L, Schneider L, Schweingruber FH, Bast A (2015) Preparing micro sections of entire (dry) conifer increment cores for wood anatomical time-series analyses. Dendrochronologia 34:19–23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Gervais BR (2006) A three-century record of precipitation and blue Oak recruitment from the Tehachapi Mountains, Southern California, USA. Dendrochronologia 24:29–37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Ghazanfari H, Namiranian M, Sobhani H, Marvi-Mohajer MR (2004) Traditional forest management and its application to encourage public participation for sustainable forest management in the northern Zagros Mountains of Kurdistan province, Iran. Scand J For Res 19(4):65–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Gildehaus S, Arabas K, Larson E, Cipes-Gerbitz K (2015) The dendroclimatological potential of Willamette Valley Guercus Garryana. Tree-ring Research 71(1):13–23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Gohari A, Eslamian S, Abedi-Koupaei J, Massah-Bavani A, Wang D, Madani K (2013) Climate change impacts on crop production in Iran’s Zayandeh-Rud River Basin. Sci Total Environ 422:405–419CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. González-González BD, García-González I, Vázquez-Ruiz RA (2013) Comparative cambial dynamics and phenology of Quercus robur L. and Q. pyrenaica Willd. in an Atlantic forest of the northwestern Iberian Peninsula. Trees 6(27):1571–1585CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. González-González BD, Rozas V, García-González I (2014) Earlywood vessels of the sub-Mediterranean oak Quercus pyrenaica have greater plasticity and sensitivity than those of the temperate Q. petraea at the Atlantic–Mediterranean boundary. Trees 28(1):237–252CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. González-González BD, Vázquez-Ruiz RA, García-González I (2015) Effects of climate on earlywood vessel formation of Quercus robur and Q. pyrenaica at a site in the northwestern Iberian Peninsula. Can J For Res 45:698–709CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Griggs C, DeGaetano A, Kuniholm P, Newton M (2007) A regional high-frequency reconstruction of May–June precipitation in the north Aegean from oak tree rings. AD Int J Climatol 27:1089–1198 1075–1089Google Scholar
  36. Hacke UG, Spicer R, Schreiber SG, Plavcová L (2017) An ecophysiological and developmental perspective on variation in vessel diameter. Plant Cell Environ 40:831–845CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Jacoby G, Solomina O, Frank D, Eremenko N, D’Arrigo R (2004) Kunashir (Kuriles) oak 400-year reconstruction of temperature and relation to the Pacific Decadal Oscillation. Palaeogeogr Palaeoclimatol Palaeoecol 209:303–311CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Jazirehi MH, Ebrahimi-Rastaghi M (2003) Silviculture in Zagros. Tehran University Press, TehranGoogle Scholar
  39. Kern Z, Patko M, Kazmer M, Fekete J, Kele S, Palyi Z (2013) Multiple tree-ring proxies (earlywood width, latewood width, and 13C) from pedunculate oak (Quercus robur L.), Hungary. Quatern Int 239:257–267CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Kniesel B, Günther B, Von Arx G (2015) Defining ecologically relevant vessel parameters in Quercus robur L. for use in dendroecology: a pointer year and recovery time case study in Central Germany. Trees 29:1041–1051CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Leal S, Nunes E, Pereira H (2007) Cork oak (Quercus suber L.) wood growth and vessel characteristics variations in relations to climate and cork harvesting. Eur J Forest Res 127(1):33–41CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Leal S, Campelo F, Luisa AL, Carneiro MF, Santos JA (2015) Potential of oak tree-ring chronologies from Southern Portugal for climate reconstructions. Dendrochronologia 35:4–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Matisons R, Dauskane I (2009) Influence of climate on earlywood vessel formation of Quercus robur at its northern distribution range in central regions of Latvia. Acta Universitatis Latviensis 753:49–58Google Scholar
  44. MatisonsR,JansonsJ,KatrevičsJ,JansonsĀ(2015)Relation of tree-ring width and earlywood vessel size of alien Quercus rubra L. with climatic factors in Latvia.Silva Fennica49:1–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Moradi A, Taheri Abkenar K, Afshar Mohammadian M, Shabanian N (2017) Effects of dust on forest tree health in Zagros oak forests. Environ Monit Assess 189(11):549CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Nadi M, Bazrafshan J, Pourtahmasi K, Bräuning A (2016) Tree-ring based reconstruction of the joint deficit index in Javan-Roud Region, Kermanshah (Iran). Int J Climatol 37:420–429CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Oladi R, Bräuning A, Pourtahmasi K (2014) Plastic and static behaviour of vessel-anatomical features on Oriental beech (Fagus orientalis Lipsky) in view of xylem hydraulic conductivity. Trees 28:493–502CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Pfautsch S, Harbusch M, Wesolowski A, Smith R, Macfarlane C, Tjoelker MG, Reich PB, Adams MA (2016) Climate determines vascular traits in the ecologically diverse genus Eucalyptus. Ecol Lett 19:240–248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Poorter L, McDonald I, Alarcon A, Fichtler E, Licona JC, Pena-Claros M, Sterck F, Villegas Z, Sass-Klaassen U (2010) The importance of wood traits and hydraulic conductance for the performance and life history strategies of 42 rainforest tree species. New Phytol 185:481–492CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Pourtahmasi K, Lotfiomran N, Bräuning A, Parsapajouh D (2011) Tree-ring width and vessel characteristics of oriental beech (Fagus orientalis) along an altitudinal gradient in the Caspian forests, Northern Iran. IAWA J 32(4):461–473Google Scholar
  51. Pritzkow C, Wazny T, Heußner KU, Słowin´ski M, Bieber A, Dorado Liñán I, Helle G, Heinrich I (2016) Minimum winter temperature reconstruction from average earlywood vessel area of European oak (Quercus robur) in N-Poland. Palaeogeogr Palaeoclimatol Palaeoecol 449:520–530CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Rinn F (2003) TSAP-Win: time series analysis and presentation for dendrochronology and related applications. In: Version 0.55 User reference. RINNTECH, Heidelberg. http://www.rimatech.com
  53. Sabeti H (2002) Forests, trees and shrubs of Iran. Yazd University Press, YazdGoogle Scholar
  54. Sagheb-Talebi K, Sajedi T, Yazdian F (2014) Forests of Iran: a treasure from the past, a hope for the future plant and vegetation. Springer, DordrechtCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Sperry JS, Meinzer FC, McCulloh KA (2008) Safety and efficiency conflicts in hydraulic architecture: scaling from tissues to trees. Plant Cell Environ 31:632–645CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Stojnic S, Sass-Klaassen U, Orlovic S, Matovic B, Eilmann B (2013) Plastic growth response of European beech provenances to dry site conditions. IAWA Journal 34(4):475–489CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Tabari H, Hosseinzadeh-Talaee P (2011) Analysis of trends in temperature data in arid and semi-arid regions of Iran. Global Planet Change 79:1–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Tardif JC, Conciatori F (2006) Influence of climate on tree rings and vessel features in red oak and white oak growing near their northern distribution limit, southwestern Quebec, Canada. Can J For Res 36:2317–2330CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Wigley T, Briffa KR, Jones PD (1984) On the average value of correlated time series, with applications in dendroclimatology and hydrometeorology. J Appl Meteorol 23:201–213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Zohary M (1973) Geobotanical Foundations of the Middle East. 2 volumes. Gustav Fischer VerlagGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physical Geography, Faculty of GeographyUniversity of TehranTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of Wood and Paper Science and Technology, Faculty of Natural ResourcesUniversity of TehranTehranIran
  3. 3.Institute of GeographyUniversity of Erlangen-NurembergErlangenGermany

Personalised recommendations