Hyperphosphatemic tumoral calcinosis caused by FGF23 compound heterozygous mutations: what are the therapeutic options for a better control of phosphatemia?
Hyperphosphatemic familial tumoral calcinosis (HFTC) is a rare autosomal recessive disease caused by mutations in genes encoding FGF23 or its regulators, and leading to functional deficiency or resistance to fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23). Subsequent biochemical features include hyperphosphatemia due to increased renal phosphate reabsorption, and increased or inappropriately normal 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25-D) levels.
A 15-year-old girl was referred for a 1.2-kg-calcified mass of the thigh, with hyperphosphatemia (2.8 mmol/L); vascular impairment and soft tissue calcifications were already present. DNA sequencing identified compound heterozygous mutations in the FGF23 gene. Management with phosphate dietary restriction, phosphate binders (sevelamer, aluminum, nicotinamide), and acetazolamide moderately decreased serum phosphate levels; oral ketoconazole was secondary administered, leading to significantly decreased 1,25-D levels albeit only moderate additionally decreased phosphate levels. However, therapeutic compliance was questionable. Serum phosphate levels always remained far above the upper normal limit for age. The patient presented with two relapses of the thigh mass, requiring further surgery.
We suggest that control of phosphate metabolism is crucial to prevent recurrences and vascular complications in HFTC; however, the medical management remains challenging.
KeywordsHyperphosphatemic tumoral calcinosis Fibroblast growth factor 23 Phosphate Ectopic calcifications Ketoconazole
Compliance with ethical standards
The local ethical committee approved this retrospective case description (Comité de Protection Lyon Sud Est II, IRB approval 00009118, session 20/04/2016).
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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