Comparison of synchronous bilateral transperitoneal and posterior retroperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomy: results of a multicenter study

Abstract

Background

Different techniques for laparoscopic adrenalectomy have been proposed with the lateral transperitoneal approach and posterior retroperitoneal approach being the two more frequently minimally invasive surgeries in most of the clinics. There are no sufficient studies in which the results of lateral transperitoneal and posterior retroperitoneal approaches in synchronous bilateral laparoscopic adrenalectomy have been compared. In the current study, we aimed to report our multicenter results of the lateral transperitoneal and posterior retroperitoneal synchronous bilateral laparoscopic adrenalectomy experience in patients who had different bilateral adrenal pathologies and to compare the outcomes of these two different operative procedures.

Methods

Between 2012 and 2018, a total of 52 patients with a mean age of 43.5 years underwent simultaneous bilateral laparoscopic adrenalectomy at 6 different centers. Twenty-seven and 25 patients underwent bilateral lateral transperitoneal and posterior retroperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomy, respectively. Patients' age, gender, body max index, operative indications, mass size, operation time, blood loss, length of hospitalization, intraoperative and postoperative complications and pathology reports were analyzed.

Results

Synchronous bilateral transperitoneal group was younger than synchronous posterior retroperitoneal group (37 years vs. 50.4 years.) (p: 0.001). Posterior retroperitoneal group had significantly decreased operating time and less blood loss than transperitoneal group. No significant difference was found with regard to postoperative hospital stay, perioperative and postoperative complications between two groups. Majority of the histopathological results were adrenal hyperplasia associated with Cushing’s disease (61.5%). Less frequent pathological results were adrenal adenoma and pheochromocytoma (15.4% and 13.5%, respectively). During the follow-up period, no recurrence or disease-related mortality was observed in the patients.

Conclusion

Our results shows that shorter operative time and less bleeding can be achieved with posterior retroperitoneal approach in synchronous bilateral laparoscopic adrenalectomy. In our series, intraoperative and postoperative complication rates were similar between both surgical approaches.

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Abbreviations

LA:

Laparoscopic adrenalectomy

BTLA:

Bilateral transperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomy

BRLA:

Bilateral retroperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomy

ACTH:

Adrenocorticotropin hormone

BMI:

Body mass index

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Correspondence to Ali Serdar Gozen.

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Disclosure

Drs. Altug Tuncel, Johan Langenhuijsen, Anil Erkan, Taras Mikhaylikov, Murat Arslan, Yilmaz Aslan, Dilek Berker, Yasar Ozgok, Eduard Gallyamov and Ali Serdar Gozen have no conflicts of interest or financial ties to disclose.

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Tuncel, A., Langenhuijsen, J., Erkan, A. et al. Comparison of synchronous bilateral transperitoneal and posterior retroperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomy: results of a multicenter study. Surg Endosc 35, 1101–1107 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00464-020-07474-y

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Keywords

  • Laparoscopy
  • Bilateral
  • Synchronous
  • Adrenalectomy