Laparoscopic gastric fundus tamponade: a novel adaptation of the Toupet fundoplication for large paraesophageal hernia repair

Abstract

Background

Laparoscopic repair of large paraesophageal hiatal hernia with defects too large to close primarily or greater than 8 cm is technically challenging. The ideal repair remains unclear and is often debated. Utilizing the gastric fundus as an autologous patch to obliterate and tamponade large hiatal defects may offer a new solution. The aim of this study was to evaluate the short-term outcomes following partial posterior fundoplication with gastric fundus tamponade.

Methods

Retrospective chart review and prospective patient follow up was conducted on patients who underwent laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair between 2015 and 2019 by a single surgeon. Basic demographics, pre-operative diagnoses, operative technique, and clinical outcomes were recorded.

Results

Fifteen patients underwent the described technique for repair of large paraesophageal hiatal hernia. All procedures were completed laparoscopically with a short post-operative length of stay (mean of 3 days) and no 30-day readmissions. The majority of patients reported resolution of their pre-operative symptoms. Only one patient required surgery for emergent indications and the same patient was the only mortality in the study, which was secondary to respiratory failure, necrotizing pneumonia, and sepsis as a result of gastric volvulus and obstruction.

Conclusion

Utilizing the gastric fundus as an autologous patch to repair large hiatal hernia may be a safe and efficacious solution with good short-term outcomes. However, further studies should be conducted to elucidate long-term results.

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Correspondence to Shinban Liu.

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The authors George Ferzli, Shinban Liu, Mazen Iskandar, and Abe Fingerhut have no conflicts of interest or financial ties to disclose.

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Ferzli, G., Liu, S., Iskandar, M. et al. Laparoscopic gastric fundus tamponade: a novel adaptation of the Toupet fundoplication for large paraesophageal hernia repair. Surg Endosc 34, 4803–4811 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00464-019-07256-1

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Keywords

  • Paraesophageal hernia
  • Hiatal hernia
  • Gastric tamponade