Surgical Endoscopy

, Volume 32, Issue 5, pp 2365–2372 | Cite as

The role of preoperative high resolution manometry in predicting dysphagia after laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication

  • Sonam Kapadia
  • Turner Osler
  • Allen Lee
  • Edward Borrazzo



Laparoscopic fundoplication is an accepted surgical management of refractory gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD). The use of high resolution esophageal manometry (HRM) in preoperative evaluation is often applied to determine the degree of fundoplication to optimize reflux control while minimizing adverse sequela of postoperative dysphagia.


Assess the role of preoperative HRM in predicting surgical outcomes, specifically risk assessment of postoperative dysphagia and quality of life, among patients receiving laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication for GERD with immediate postoperative (< 4 weeks clinic), short-term (3-month clinic), and long-term (34 ± 10.4 months of telephone) follow-up.


Retrospective analysis of 146 patients over the age of 18 who received laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication at University of Vermont Medical Center from July 1, 2011 through December 31, 2014 was completed, of which 52 patients with preoperative HRM met inclusion criteria. Exclusion criteria included history of: (a) named esophageal motility disorder or aperistalsis; (b) esophageal cancer; (c) paraesophageal hernia noted intraoperatively.


Elevated basal integrated relaxation pressure (IRP), which is the mean of 4 s of maximal lower esophageal sphincter (LES) relaxation within 10 s of swallowing, was significantly correlated with worsened severity of post-fundoplication dysphagia (r = 0.572, p < 0.0001 with sensitivity and NPV of 100%) and poorer quality of life (r = 0.348, p = 0.018) at up to 3-years follow-up. The presence of preoperative dysphagia was independently related to post-fundoplication dysphagia at short-term (r = 0.403, p = 0.018) and long-term follow-up (r = 0.415, p = 0.005). Also, both elevated mean wave amplitude (r=-0.397, p = 0.006) and distal contractile integral (DCI) (r = − 0.294, p = 0.047) were significantly, inversely correlated to post-Nissen dysphagia. No significant association was demonstrated between other preoperative HRM parameters and surgical outcomes.


Inadequacy of lower esophageal sphincter (LES) relaxation with swallowing as delineated by elevated IRP is significantly predictive of worse long-term postoperative outcomes including dysphagia and quality of life scores. Further assessment of tailoring anti-reflux surgical approach with partial vs. total fundoplication to functionally resistant LES is required.


High resolution manometry Nissen Fundoplication Dysphagia 


Compliance with ethical standards


Drs. Sonam Kapadia, MD, Edward Borrazzo, MD, Turner Osler, MD, Allen Lee, MD have no conflicts of interest or financial ties to disclose.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sonam Kapadia
    • 1
  • Turner Osler
    • 2
  • Allen Lee
    • 3
  • Edward Borrazzo
    • 2
  1. 1.Dept of General SurgeryHarbor UCLA Medical CenterLos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.Dept of General SurgeryUniversity of Vermont Medical CenterBurlingtonUSA
  3. 3.University of Michigan Health SystemAnn ArborUSA

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