Comparative efficacy of cold polypectomy techniques for diminutive colorectal polyps: a systematic review and network meta-analysis
Although cold polypectomy techniques are preferred over polypectomy with electrocautery in the management of diminutive polyps, comprehensive comparisons among various cold polypectomy techniques have not yet been fully performed.
We searched for all relevant randomized controlled trials published up until October 2016 examining the efficacy of cold polypectomy techniques for diminutive polyps. Cold polypectomy techniques were classified as cold forceps polypectomy (CFP), jumbo forceps polypectomy (JFP), traditional cold snare polypectomy (CSP), and dedicated CSP, according to the type of device. A network meta-analysis was performed to calculate the direct and indirect estimates of efficacy among the cold polypectomy techniques.
Seven studies with 703 patients and 968 polyps were included in the meta-analysis. Regarding comparative efficacy for complete histological eradication, there was no inconsistency in the network (Cochran’s Q test, df = 4, P = 0.22; I 2 = 30%). In terms of complete histological eradication, both dedicated and traditional CSP were superior to CFP (odds ratio [OR] [95% confidence interval [CI]] 4.31 [1.92–9.66] and 2.45 [1.30–4.63], respectively); dedicated CSP was superior to traditional CSP (OR [95% CI] 1.76 [1.07–2.89]); and there was no difference between JFP versus CFP (OR [95% CI] 1.36 [0.40–4.61]). Regarding tissue retrieval rate, there was no difference between dedicated versus traditional CSP (OR [95% CI] 1.03 [0.44–2.38]). The procedure time for CSP was comparable to that of CFP.
Dedicated CSP was shown to be superior to other cold polypectomy techniques in terms of complete histological eradication. Cold polypectomy using a dedicated snare can be recommended for the removal of diminutive colorectal polyps.
KeywordsDiminutive polyp Cold forceps polypectomy Cold snare polypectomy Efficacy Network meta-analysis
Compliance with ethical standards
Yoon Suk Jung, Chan Hyuk Park, Eunwoo Nam, Chang Soo Eun, Dong Il Park, and Dong Soo Han have no conflicts of interest or financial ties to disclose.
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