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Table 2 Level 1b studies comparing laparoscopic and open repairs of incisional and ventral hernia

From: Guidelines for laparoscopic treatment of ventral and incisional abdominal wall hernias (International Endohernia Society [IEHS])—Part 2

Author for all citations here No. of patients lap/open Mean follow up (months) Hospital stay (days) lap/open Return to activity/work days (range) lap/open Cost lap/open QOL lap/open Acute pain lap/open Chronic pain lap/open Recurrence lap/open
Carbajo et al. [145] 60 30/30 24 2.23/9.06 p ≤ 0.05 NR NR NR NR NR 0/2 p = 0.05
Moreno-Egea et al. [144] 22 11/11 24 1.1/5.2 p ≤ 0.001 NR NR NR NR NR 0/0
Barbaros et al. [19] 46 23/23 24 2.5/6.3 p ≤ 0.05 NR NR NR 1.53/1.61 p ≥ 0.05 NR 0/1 p ≤ 0.05
Misra et al. [112] 62 32/30 12.17 1.47/3.43 p = 0.007 NR Rs:1,3786.90 ($288)/Rs: 1,536.66 ($32) p = 0.01 Patient satisfaction score: 8.27/7.6 p = 0.26 Day 1: 5.95/6.05 day 3: 2.33/2.16 p = 0.857 3 months: 6/3 (pts) 12 months 1/1 2/1 (7.4 %/4 %) p = 0.95
Navarra et al. [121] 24 12/12 <12 5.7/10 p = 0.006 NR NR NR NR NR 0/0
Olmi et al. [143] 170 85/85 24 2.7/9.9 p ≤ 0.005 13 (6–15)/25 (16–30) p ≤ 0.005 €2,700/€3,100 (theoretical calculation) NR NR NR 2/1 (2.3 %/1.1 %) p = NS
Pring et al. [109] 54 30/24 27.5 1.46/1.33 p = 0.43 3.9 ± 1.3/4.6 ± 3.3 p = 0.33 NR NR 6.067/6.292 p ≥ 0.05 NR 1/1 p = NS
Asencio et al. [116] 84 45/39 12 3.46/3.33 p = 0.78 NR NR RR −0.04, CI −0.10 to 0.01, p = 0.11 Day1: 47.66/42.86 p = 0.285 Day7: 28.93/22.55 p = 0.205 3 Months: 13.51/7.10 p = 0.056 12 months 10.31/6.00 p = 0.201 9.7 %/7.9 % p = 0.77
Itani et al. [3] 146 73/73 24 4.0/3.9 p = 0.91 23.0/28.5 p = 0.06) NR No difference in improvement at 8 wks p = 0.17 for pain at rest p = 0.07 for worst pain NR NR 9/6 (12.5 %/8.2 %) p = 0.44
  1. Lap laparoscopic, QOL quality of life, NR not recorded, Rs randomized study, NS nonsignificant difference