A novel approach for the treatment of pelvic abscess: transrectal endoscopic drainage facilitated by transanal endoscopic microsurgery access

Abstract

Background

Postoperative pelvic abscesses in patients submitted to colorectal surgery are challenging. The surgical approach may be too risky, and image-guided drainage often is difficult due to the complex anatomy of the pelvis. This article describes novel access for drainage of a pelvic collection using a minimally invasive natural orifice approach.

Methods

A 37 year-old man presented with sepsis due to a pelvic abscess during the second postoperative week after a Hartmann procedure due to perforated rectal cancer. Percutaneous drainage was determined by computed tomography to be unsuccessful, and another operation was considered to be hazardous. Because the pelvic fluid was very close to the rectal stump, transrectal drainage was planned. The rectal stump was opened using transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) instruments. The endoscope was advanced through the TEM working channel and the rectal stump opening, accessing the abdominal cavity and pelvic collection.

Results

The pelvic collection was endoscopically drained and the local cavity washed with saline through the scope channel. A Foley catheter was placed in the rectal stump. The patient’s recovery after the procedure was successful, without the need for further intervention.

Conclusions

Transrectal endoscopic drainage may be an option for selected cases of pelvic fluid collection in patients submitted to Hartmann’s procedure. The technique allows not only fluid drainage but also visualization of the local cavity, cleavage of multiloculated abscesses, and saline irrigation if necessary. The use of TEM instrumentation allows safe access to the peritoneal cavity.

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Disclosures

B. C. Martins, Carlos Frederico Sparapan Marques, Caio Sérgio Rizkallah Nahas, Fábio Yuji Hondo, Wilson Pollara, Sérgio Carlos Nahas, U. Ribeiro Junior, Ivan Cecconello, and Fauze Maluf-Filho have no conflicts of interest or financial ties to disclose.

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Correspondence to B. C. Martins.

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Martins, B.C., Marques, C.F.S., Nahas, C.S.R. et al. A novel approach for the treatment of pelvic abscess: transrectal endoscopic drainage facilitated by transanal endoscopic microsurgery access. Surg Endosc 26, 2667–2670 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00464-012-2215-6

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Keywords

  • Abdominal abscess
  • Drainage
  • Endoscopy
  • NOTES
  • Therapeutic endoscopy