, Volume 33, Issue 2, pp 258–265 | Cite as

A Significant Association of Malnutrition with Dysphagia in Acute Patients

  • Tsukasa Saito
  • Keisuke Hayashi
  • Hajime Nakazawa
  • Fumika Yagihashi
  • Leo O. Oikawa
  • Tetsuo Ota
Original Article


Dysphagia and malnutrition seem to be associated, but little research in detail has been reported. We aimed to clarify the association between dysphagia and malnutrition by adopting accurate diagnosis and mathematical evaluation of dysphagia using videofluorography and nutritional assessment calculated by a well-established nutritional risk index. We conducted a retrospective analysis of 165 enrolled patients who were admitted to our hospital for acute diseases and underwent videofluorography on suspicion of dysphagia in the year 2016. We diagnosed high-risk dysphagia in patients with 8-point penetration–aspiration scale (PAS) score over 4. We used the geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) as a nutritional assessment tool. A GNRI score less than 91.2 corresponds to malnutrition. The median age of 165 enrolled patients was 76.0, and the number of female patients was 53. The mean GNRI was 81.2, and 134 patients (81.2%) had malnutrition. The number of the patients with a diagnosis of high-risk dysphagia was 54 (32.7%). The GNRI of patients with high-risk dysphagia was significantly less than that of patients without (mean value 77.7 ± 10.5 vs. 83.0 ± 10.5, P = 0.003). GNRI < 91.2 was independently and significantly associated with high-risk dysphagia (OR 3.094; CI 1.057–9.058; P = 0.039). Based on the current study, the authors propose evaluating nutritional status to predict dysphagia risk of patients in the acute phase.


Malnutrition Deglutition Deglutition disorders Dysphagia GNRI Elderly 



We thank Mayumi Ito, nurse in our department, for her excellent management and assistance in VF.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

All authors declared that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physical Medicine and RehabilitationAsahikawa Medical University HospitalAsahikawaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Internal Medicine, Cardiovascular, Respiratory and Neurology DivisionAsahikawa Medical UniversityAsahikawaJapan

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