The purpose of the article is to evaluate the effects of mechanical complications, such as clogging or coiling, of gastrojejunostomy tubes on radiation exposure during exchange in the pediatric population. In this HIPAA-compliant and IRB-approved study, we retrospectively reviewed procedural records for patients undergoing gastrojejunostomy (GJ) tube exchange during a 4-month period in 2014. Success of the procedure, specifications of the tube, age, and sex of the patient as well as radiation exposure during the procedure were included. Radiation exposure was measured in fluoroscopy time and cumulative air kerma. Complications encountered during exchange were also recorded, if available. Patients presenting for gastrostomy to GJ conversions or combined procedures were excluded from the study. Ordinary and mixed effect linear regression models were used to test associations between GJ tube parameters, presence of mechanical complications, and fluoroscopy time and radiation dose. 146 patients undergoing 285 GJ exchanges met inclusion criteria over the 4-month study period (M:F 82:64). All exchanges were successful with 85 demonstrating a form of mechanical complication (44 coiled, 41 clogged). Of the reported GJ tube specifications, only tube length was significantly associated with mechanical complications (p < 0.001). The presence of mechanical complication was significantly associated with increased radiation exposure and fluoroscopy time (p < 0.0001). Mechanical complications of gastrojejunostomy tubes, such as clogging or coiling, are associated with increased radiation exposure during exchange. Strategies to decrease these complications, including re-siting the gastrostomy tract or placement of a surgical jejunostomy in the event of repeated coiling of a tube should be strongly considered.
Livingston MH, Shawyer AC, Rosenbaum PL, Jones SA, Walton JM. Fundoplication and gastrostomy versus percutaneous gastrojejunostomy for gastroesophageal reflux in children with neurologic impairment: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Pediatr Surg. 2015;50:707–14. doi:10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2015.02.020.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar